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An outbreak of nosocomial candidiasis in a hematology ward

, : An outbreak of nosocomial candidiasis in a hematology ward. Zhurnal Mikrobiologii, Epidemiologii, i Immunobiologii: 23-26

The aim of the present investigation was the study of the epidemic process of hospital candidiasis. The study was carried out from October 1991 to May 1992 in a hematological ward of one of the hospitals of St.-Petersburg on 9 patients with generalized forms of candidiasis: in 4 of them the disease was caused by C. albicans and 5--by C. parapsilosis. Intestinal dysfunction as one of the first manifestations of candidosepsis caused by C. albicans, the isolation of C. albicans from feces, ulcero-necrotic colitis (established by postmortem examination), as well as the incapacity of these patients of immune response (in 2 serologically examined patients the titer of antibodies to fungi of the genus Candida was found to be lower than the diagnostic titer), were indicative of the dissemination of fungi from the gastrointestinal tract. The cases of fungemia caused by C. parapsilosis were due to the fungal contamination of vascular catheters in these patients. This infective agent was also isolated from washings obtained from the hands of nurses carrying out treatment and from medical rubber gloves. Moreover, some violations in the rules of the preparation of disinfecting solutions and the treatment of the hands of the personnel were established.


PMID: 9221650

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