geoscience.net logo
+ Resolve Article
+ Follow Us
Follow on FacebookFollow on Facebook
Follow on TwitterFollow on Twitter

+ Translate
+ Subscribe to Site Feed
GeoScience Most Shared ContentMost Shared Content

British Thoracic Society guidelines for the management of spontaneous pneumothorax: do we comply with them and do they work?


, : British Thoracic Society guidelines for the management of spontaneous pneumothorax: do we comply with them and do they work?. Journal of Accident & Emergency Medicine 15(5): 317-321

To determine how British Thoracic Society (BTS) guidelines for the management of spontaneous pneumothorax have been implemented over a four year period in a large district general hospital with a specialised respiratory unit. To assess the validity of the guidelines in the management of spontaneous pneumothorax. A retrospective case notes study over a four year period for all patients with spontaneous pneumothoraces attending the accident and emergency (A&E) department of a large district general hospital. 115 episodes of spontaneous pneumothorax were identified. Overall 20.8% of episodes were treated correctly by BTS guidelines. Decisions made by A&E staff were significantly more likely to be correct than decisions made by on call medical teams (39.4% v 13.4%, p = 0.002). There was a non-significant trend towards better compliance with BTS guidelines over the four year period. The management decision was made by A&E staff only in 28.7% of episodes. Patients without chronic lung disease could be safely observed as outpatients. Forty three pneumothoraces were aspirated: 23 (58%) successfully; eight (18.6%) with little or no improvement; and 12 (27.9%) initially successfully but developing increased size of pneumothorax within a period of 72 hours. Three patients had repeat aspirations, two successfully. Age over 50, chronic lung disease, and more than 2.5 litres of air aspirated were significantly associated with failure of aspiration (p < 0.01). There was a 28.6% failure rate of aspiration for patients with moderate pneumothoraces without chronic lung disease. Patients over the age of 50 should be treated the same as patients with chronic lung disease. A second aspiration should be attempted if the first aspiration is initially successful with subsequent recurrence of pneumothorax. Further research is required to clarify if patients with moderate pneumothoraces under the age of 50 and no chronic lung disease should be aspirated or observed.

US$29.90

PMID: 9785159


Other references

Schwanke, R.Cristina.; Marcon, R.; Meotti, F.Carla.; Bento, A.Freire.; Dutra, R.Cypriano.; Pizzollatti, M.Geraldo.; Calixto, Jão.B., 2014: Oral administration of the flavonoid myricitrin prevents dextran sulfate sodium-induced experimental colitis in mice through modulation of PI3K/Akt signaling pathway. We investigated the protective effect of the flavonoid myricitrin in dextran sulfate sodium (DSS) induced colitis as promising candidate for the treatment of ulcerative colitis which is considered an important worldwide public health problem. Male...

Kristofikova, Z.; Platilova, V.; Klaschka, J., 2003: Age- and sex-dependent effects of ethanol on hippocampal hemicholinium-3 sensitive choline carriers during postnatal development of rats. Vulnerability of hippocampal hemicholinium-3 (HC-3)-sensitive carriers to ethanol was evaluated in vitro during rat postnatal development. The high-affinity uptake of (3H)choline (HACU) and the specific binding of (3H)HC-3 were measured on synapto...

Ardalan, B.; Spector, S.; Livingstone, A.S.; Franceschi, D.; Ganjei-Azar, P.; Lima, M.; Sparling, L.; Walker, G.; Bowen-Wells, C.P., 2016: Neoadjuvant and adjuvant chemotherapy without radiation for esophageal cancer. NlmCategory="UNASSIGNED">4054 Background: A Phase II trial to evaluate neoadjuvant (NAD) and adjuvant (AD) combination chemotherapy (CT) without radiation therapy (RT), for Stage III esophageal adenocarcinoma. Stage III disease by CAT...

Baconi, D.L.; Manda, M.; Neagu, M.; Ilie, M.; Balalau, D., 2003: Dose-dependent effects exerted in vitro by chlorpyrifos on the oxidative burst of human peripheral granulocytes. Toxicology Letters (Shannon) 144(Suppl 1): s146, September

Wang Xiuhuai, 1988: Method for VSP wavelet shaping. A standard wavelet is chosen from the wavelets picked up by VSP monitor geophone, and is then used to obtain shaping operators trace by trace in the frequency domain. Then the shaping filtering of VSP data is performed in the time domain. All meth...

Takasugi, K., 1973: Case of systemic subcutaneous nodule formation, polyneuritis, temporal arteritis, melena and other symptoms associated with an eosinophilic state. Ryumachi 13(4): 416-418

Finsterer, J.; Zarrouk-Mahjoub, S., 2017: Involvement of the cerebral veins in MELAS syndrome?. Neuroradiology 59(9): 833-834

Scaramella-Petri, P., 1974: Biometerology, morphology and industrial crop productivity in Italy. Informatore botanico italiano: 6 (2) 199-200

Palma, J.F.; Das, P.; Liesenfeld, O., 2016: Lung cancer screening: utility of molecular applications in conjunction with low-dose computed tomography guidelines. Finding early-stage lung cancer where there is a higher chance for patient survival remains a major healthcare challenge. Low-dose spiral computed tomography for high-risk patients can increase the detection of cancers with certain tradeoffs, such...

Garcia-Ispierto, I.; López-Helguera, I.; Tutusaus, J.; Mur-Novales, Rón.; López-Gatius, F., 2015: Effects of long-term vaccination against Coxiella burnetii on the fertility of high-producing dairy cows. The impact of long-term vaccination against Coxiella burnetii on the fertility of cows was studied. Double vaccinations three weeks apart at the start of the third trimester of gestation in each of two consecutive pregnancies were applied. The fin...