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Cationic amino acid transporter-2 mRNA induction by tumor necrosis factor-alpha in vascular endothelial cells

, : Cationic amino acid transporter-2 mRNA induction by tumor necrosis factor-alpha in vascular endothelial cells. European Journal of Pharmacology 339(2-3): 289-293

Nitric oxide (NO) synthesis may be coupled to the activity of the cellular L-arginine transporter, namely the cationic amino acid transporter. The present study examined tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha-induced alterations in the gene expression of the cationic amino acid transporter (CAT) and NO production in human umbilical vein endothelial cells. In quiescent endothelial cells, CAT-1 mRNA expression, determined by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction, was dominant to that of CAT-2. TNF-alpha (10 ng/ml for 1-24 h) induced a time-dependent increase in CAT-2 but not CAT-1 expression. Moreover, TNF-alpha (1-30 ng/ml) treatment for 6 h induced a concentration-dependent increase in CAT-2 mRNA expression. The upregulation of CAT-2 expression by TNF-alpha was associated with enhanced nitrite accumulation in the culture medium (70% increase compared with vehicle-treated cells at 24 h). Thus, induction of the cationic amino acid transporter may constitute one mechanism for the TNF-alpha-induced NO production in human umbilical vein endothelial cells.


PMID: 9473147

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