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Geography & Life Sciences: Chapter 45489

Chapter 45489 provides bibliographic information on scholary research in geography and in the life sciences.

Characterization of G protein-coupled receptors expressed by ECV304 human endothelial cells. Endothelium 6(1): 23-32

Characterization of G proteins in obstructed kidneys. International Journal of Urology 3(5): 386-391

Characterization of G-protein betagamma expression in inner ear. Brain Research. Molecular Brain Research 68(1-2): 42-54

Characterization of GABAA receptor function in human temporal cortical neurons. Journal of Neurophysiology 75(4): 1458-1471

Characterization of GFP-MAL expression and incorporation in rafts. Microscopy Research and Technique 52(6): 645-655

Characterization of Galician (N.W. Spain) quality brand potatoes: a comparison study of several pattern recognition techniques. Analyst 126(1): 97-103

Characterization of Ge/SiGe strained-barrier quantum-well structures using photoreflectance spectroscopy. Physical Review. B, Condensed Matter 49(11): 7394-7399

Characterization of Giardia duodenalis by polymerase-chain-reaction fingerprinting. Parasitology Research 84(9): 707-714

Characterization of Glis2, a novel gene encoding a Gli-related, Krüppel-like transcription factor with transactivation and repressor functions. Roles in kidney development and neurogenesis. Journal of Biological Chemistry 277(12): 10139-10149

Characterization of Gq family G proteins GL1 alpha (G14 alpha), GL2 alpha (G11 alpha), and Gq alpha expressed in the baculovirus-insect cell system. Journal of Biological Chemistry 270(11): 6246-6253

Characterization of Grafted Poly(ethylene glycol) on Si Wafers Using Scanning Probe Microscopy. Journal of Colloid and Interface Science 207(1): 180-183

Characterization of Grb2-binding proteins in human platelets activated by Fc gamma RIIA cross-linking. Blood 88(2): 522-530

Characterization of H+-ATPase-dependent activity of multidrug resistance-associated protein in homoharringtonine-resistant human leukemic K562 cells. Leukemia 12(10): 1539-1544

Characterization of H. parasuis periplasmic nucleotide pyrophosphatase as a potential target enzyme for inhibition of growth. Veterinary Microbiology 58(2-4): 261-276

Characterization of H5N1 influenza viruses that continue to circulate in geese in southeastern China. Journal of Virology 76(1): 118-126

Characterization of HDJ-2, a human 40 kD heat shock protein. International Journal of Biochemistry & Cell Biology 30(11): 1203-1221

Characterization of HIF-1 alpha overexpressing HeLa cells and implications for gene therapy. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Toxicology & Pharmacology 133(4): 475-481

Characterization of HIV isolates from Puerto Rican maternal-infant pairs reveal predominance of non-syncytium inducing (NSI) variants with CCR5 genotype. Cellular and Molecular Biology 47 Online Pub: Ol39-Ol47

Characterization of HIV-1-specific antibodies and HIV-1-crossreactive antibodies to platelets in HIV-1-infected haemophiliac patients. British Journal of Haematology 103(4): 1014-1022

Characterization of HLA-A3-restricted cytotoxic T lymphocytes reactive against the widely expressed tumor antigen telomerase. Clinical Cancer Research 7(11): 3343-3348

Characterization of HMBP-2, a DNA-Binding Protein That Binds to HIV-1 LTR When only One of the Three Sp1 Sites Is Methylated. Journal of Biomedical Science 4(1): 39-46

Characterization of Haemophilus influenzae strains using sugar fermentation. Revista Cubana de Medicina Tropical 49(1): 38-42

Characterization of Haemophilus paragallinarum isolates from China. Avian Diseases 37(2): 574-576

Characterization of Hb Camperdown [beta 104(G6)Arg-->Ser] by capillary electrophoresis and automated solid phase DNA sequencing. Hemoglobin 20(2): 155-160

Characterization of Hb Djelfa [beta98(FG5)Val-->Ala]] by DNA sequencing in a French Caucasian family. Hemoglobin 23(1): 73-77

Characterization of Hb Volga [beta 27(B9)Ala-->Asp] and Hb J-Wenchang-Wuming [alpha 11(A9)Lys-->Gln] in the population of the United States. Hemoglobin 17(1): 67-71

Characterization of Helicobacter felis by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis, plasmid profiling and ribotyping. Helicobacter 4(1): 17-27

Characterization of High Resolution Resists and Metal Shims by Scanning Probe Microscopy. Microscopy and Microanalysis 6(2): 129-136

Characterization of Hoxd1 protein-DNA-binding specificity using affinity chromatography and random DNA oligomer selection. Cellular and Molecular Neurobiology 21(4): 369-388

Characterization of Human Serum Albumin Adsorbed on a Porous Anion-Exchange Support. Journal of Colloid and Interface Science 207(2): 324-331

Characterization of Hydrogenobacter thermophilus cytochromes c(552 )expressed in the cytoplasm and periplasm of Escherichia coli. Journal of Biological Inorganic Chemistry 7(3): 260-272

Characterization of IL-12 receptor beta1 chain (IL-12Rbeta1)-deficient mice: IL-12Rbeta1 is an essential component of the functional mouse IL-12 receptor. Journal of Immunology 159(4): 1658-1665

Characterization of IL-4 receptor components expressed on monocytes and monocyte-derived macrophages: variation associated with differential signaling by IL-4. Growth Factors 19(4): 207-218

Characterization of INTA 51-3, a new atypical strain of Bacillus thuringiensis from Argentina. Current Microbiology 41(6): 396-401

Characterization of IS1676 from Rhodococcus erythropolis SQ1. Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology 52(6): 811-819

Characterization of IS666, a newly described insertion element of Mycobacterium avium. Microbial & Comparative Genomics 5(4): 181-188

Characterization of IdLNF1-specific T cell clones from the (NZB x SWR)F1 murine model for systemic lupus erythematosus. Clinical Immunology and Immunopathology 68(3): 273-282

Characterization of Immunoglobulin G Bound to Latex Particles Using Surface Plasmon Resonance and Electrophoretic Mobility. Journal of Colloid and Interface Science 204(2): 300-311

Characterization of InAlAs/InGaAs/InP mid-infrared quantum cascade lasers. Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy 58(11): 2323-2328

Characterization of Inherited Differences in Transcription of the Human Integrin alpha 2 Gene. Journal of Biological Chemistry 276(26): 23518-23524

Characterization of Involution during Sea Urchin Gastrulation Using Two-Photon Excited Photorelease and Confocal Microscopy. Microscopy and Microanalysis 4(4): 404-414

Characterization of Iron(III) Tetramesitylporphyrin and Microperoxidase-8 Incorporated into the Molecular Sieve MCM-41. Inorganic Chemistry 38(21): 4901-4905

Characterization of JC virus DNA amplified from urine of chronic progressive multiple sclerosis patients. Multiple Sclerosis 1(4): 193-199

Characterization of Japanese eel immunoglobulin M and its level in serum. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Part B, Biochemistry & Molecular Biology 127(4): 525-532

Characterization of Japanese wooden houses with enhanced radon and thoron concentrations. Health Physics 66(3): 274-282

Characterization of K(+)-dependent and K(+)-independent p-nitrophenylphosphatase activity of synaptosomes. Neurochemical Research 18(7): 751-758

Characterization of K(+)-evoked [3H]D-aspartate outflow in the rat hippocampus in vitro. Neurochemistry International 23(6): 555-560

Characterization of LK-1 monoclonal antibody against human sialophorin (CD43). Folia Biologica 46(5): 199-201

Characterization of Lactobacillus acidophilus strains for use as dietary adjunct. International Journal of Food Microbiology 29(1): 105-109

Characterization of Landau-Zener transitions in systems with complex spectra. Physical Review. E, Statistical Physics, Plasmas, Fluids, and Related Interdisciplinary Topics 54(5): 4812-4818

Characterization of Langat virus antigenic determinants defined by monoclonal antibodies to E, NS1 and preM and identification of a protective, non-neutralizing preM-specific monoclonal antibody. Virus Research 43(2): 125-136

Characterization of Leishmania major causing cutaneous leishmaniasis in northern Cameroon. Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 92(6): 677-678

Characterization of Leuconostoc species isolated from vacuum-packaged ham. Journal of General and Applied Microbiology 44(2): 153-159

Characterization of Lonidamine and AF2785 blockade of the cyclic AMP-activated chloride current in rat epididymal cells. Journal of Membrane Biology 178(3): 225-233

Characterization of Low-Barrier Hydrogen Bonds. 5. Microsolvation of Enol-Enolate. An ab Initio and DFT Investigation. Journal of Organic Chemistry 62(23): 8171-8176

Characterization of Lr46, a gene conferring partial resistance to wheat leaf rust. Hereditas 135(2-3): 111-114

Characterization of MADS genes in the gymnosperm Gnetum parvifolium and its implication on the evolution of reproductive organs in seed plants. Evolution & Development 1(3): 180-190

Characterization of MEMS transducer performance using near-field scanning interferometry. IEEE Transactions on Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics, and Frequency Control 49(5): 669-674

Characterization of MRSA transmission in an emergency medical center by sequence analysis of the 3'-end region of the coagulase gene. Journal of Infection and ChemoTherapy 7(1): 22-27

Characterization of MZm3-3, a Zea mays tapetum-specific transcript . Plant Science 157(1): 65-75

Characterization of Macroscopic Structural Disorder in Porous Media Using Mercury Porosimetry. Journal of Colloid and Interface Science 240(1): 190-210

Characterization of Magnesium Sulfate as an Antiarrhythmic Agent. Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology and Therapeutics 1(3): 243-254

Characterization of Magnetic Turbulence in Tokamak Plasmas through Hard X-Ray Spectra. Physical Review Letters 74(20): 3987-3990

Characterization of Mas-7-induced pore formation in SK-N-BE(2)C human neuroblastoma cells. Molecules and Cells 8(2): 162-168

Characterization of Metal Complexation in Multiligand Systems with Lanthanide Luminescence. Journal of Colloid and Interface Science 204(1): 33-44

Characterization of Mg2+-ATPase activity in isolated B16 murine melanoma melanosomes. Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry 189(1-2): 99-106

Characterization of Mhc genes in a multigenerational family of ring-necked pheasants. Immunogenetics 43(3): 125-135

Characterization of Microporous Aluminas by Inverse Gas Chromatography. Journal of Colloid and Interface Science 229(2): 418-422

Characterization of Mycobacterium avium complex related mycobacteria isolated from an African environment and patients with AIDS. Tropical Medicine & International Health 2(2): 200-207

Characterization of Mycobacterium bovis BCG vaccines by DNA fingerprinting by a standardized methodology. Journal of Clinical Microbiology 31(10): 2834-2835

Characterization of Mycobacterium tuberculosis LexA: recognition of a Cheo (Bacillus-type SOS) box. Microbiology 143: 929-936

Characterization of Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex DNAs from Egyptian mummies by spoligotyping. Journal of Clinical Microbiology 41(1): 359-367

Characterization of Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex isolates from the cerebrospinal fluid of meningitis patients at six fever hospitals in Egypt. Journal of Clinical Microbiology 40(5): 1651-1655

Characterization of Mycobacterium tuberculosis ribosome recycling factor (RRF) and a mutant lacking six amino acids from the C-terminal end reveals that the C-terminal residues are important for its occupancy on the ribosome. Microbiology 148(Pt 12): 3913-3920

Characterization of Mycobacterium tuberculosis strains prevalent in North-West of Russia by spoligotyping. Problemy Tuberkuleza: 44-48

Characterization of N-(Nitrosomethyl)urea in Nitrosated Fermented Fish Products. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 46(1): 202-205

Characterization of N-Acetylated Heme Undecapeptide and Some of Its Derivatives in Aqueous Media: Monomeric Model Systems for Hemoproteins. Inorganic Chemistry 35(23): 6885-6891

Characterization of N-acylation of Go alpha purified from bovine retinas. Neuroreport 10(14): 2999-3002

Characterization of N-ethyl-N-nitrosourea-induced malignant and benign breast tumors in rats by using three MR contrast agents. Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging 9(2): 177-186

Characterization of N-linked oligosaccharides bearing sialyl lewis x moieties on an alternatively glycosylated form of soluble complement receptor type 1 (sCR1). Biotechnology and Applied Biochemistry 31: 5-13

Characterization of NADPH diaphorase activity in rat sympathetic autonomic ganglia--effect of diabetes and aging. Brain Research 617(2): 343-348

Characterization of NCAM diversity in cultured neurons. Febs Letters 324(3): 337-340

Characterization of NF(P), the nuclear factor that interacts with the regulatory P sequence (5'-CGAAAATTTCC-3') of the human interleukin-4 gene: relationship to NF-kappa B and NF-AT. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 199(2): 439-446

Characterization of NO and cytokine release by transplantable melanoma cell lines in relationship to their differentiation. Archivum Immunologiae et Therapiae Experimentalis 49 Suppl 2: S103-S109

Characterization of NPY mRNA-expressing cells in the human brain: co-localization with Y2 but not Y1 mRNA in the cerebral cortex, hippocampus, amygdala, and striatum. Journal of Chemical Neuroanatomy 20(3-4): 327-337

Characterization of NTPase, RNA-binding and RNA-helicase activities of the cytoplasmic inclusion protein of tamarillo mosaic potyvirus. European Journal of Biochemistry 224(2): 677-684

Characterization of Na+ and Ca2+ currents in bag cells of sexually immature Aplysia californica. Journal of Experimental Biology 201(Pt 5): 745-754

Characterization of Na+/H+ exchange in sheep rumen epithelial cells kept in primary culture. Zentralblatt für Veterinarmedizin. Reihe A 43(6): 365-375

Characterization of Nasutitermes globiceps (Isoptera: Termitidae) esterases. Biochemical Genetics 38(11-12): 367-375

Characterization of Natronobacterium magadii phage phi Ch1, a unique archaeal phage containing DNA and RNA. Molecular Microbiology 23(3): 603-616

Characterization of Neisseria meningitidis strains isolated from carriers. Medycyna Doswiadczalna i Mikrobiologia 52(3): 257-266

Characterization of Neospora caninum iscom antigens using monoclonal antibodies. Parasite Immunology 20(2): 73-80

Characterization of Newcastle disease virus envelope glycoproteins expressed in insect cells. Virus Research 33(2): 123-137

Characterization of O,O-diethylphosphoryl oximes as inhibitors of cholinesterases and substrates of phosphotriesterases. Biochemical Pharmacology 58(3): 503-515

Characterization of O-acetyl-L-serine sulfhydrylase purified from an alkaliphilic bacterium. Bioscience, Biotechnology, and Biochemistry 64(11): 2352-2359

Characterization of O-glycosylated precursors of insulin-like growth factor II by matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization mass spectrometry. Journal of Mass Spectrometry 31(8): 893-900

Characterization of Organofunctional Silane Films on Zinc Substrates. Journal of Colloid and Interface Science 185(1): 197-209

Characterization of Organosulfur Molecular Monolayers on Au(111) using Scanning Tunneling Microscopy. Chemical Reviews 97(4): 1117-1128

Characterization of Orientia tsutsugamushi isolated in Taiwan by immunofluorescence and restriction fragment length polymorphism analyses. Fems Microbiology Letters 150(2): 225-231

Characterization of P. aeruginosa pili binding human corneal epithelial proteins. Current Eye Research 14(10): 969-977

Characterization of P2 purinergic receptors on human erythro leukemia cells. Journal of Receptor and Signal Transduction Research 16(3-4): 209-224

Characterization of PCR products from bacilli using electrospray ionization FTICR mass spectrometry. Analytical Chemistry 68(21): 3705-3712

Characterization of PDH beta 1, the structural gene for the pyruvate dehydrogenase beta subunit from Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 90(4): 1252-1256

Characterization of PECI, a novel monofunctional Delta(3), Delta(2)-enoyl-CoA isomerase of mammalian peroxisomes. Journal of Biological Chemistry 274(31): 21797-21803

Characterization of PM2.5 and PM10 in the South Coast Air Basin of southern California: Part 1--Spatial variations. Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association 50(12): 2034-2044

Characterization of PM2.5 and PM10 in the South Coast Air Basin of southern California: Part. 2--Temporal variations. Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association 50(12): 2045-2059

Characterization of PMCA isoforms and their contribution to transcellular Ca2+ flux in MDCK cells. American Journal of Physiology. Renal Physiology 284(1): F122-F132

Characterization of PO1, a new peptide ligand of the apamin-sensitive Ca2+ activated K+ channel. International Journal of Peptide and Protein Research 48(6): 514-521

Characterization of Pasteurella from gingival scrapings of dogs and cats. Comparative Immunology, Microbiology and Infectious Diseases 16(1): 77-85

Characterization of PauB, a novel broad-spectrum plasminogen activator from Streptococcus uberis. Journal of Bacteriology 184(1): 119-125

Characterization of PaxA and its operon: a cohemolytic RTX toxin determinant from pathogenic Pasteurella aerogenes. Infection and Immunity 68(1): 6-12

Characterization of Peromyscus MHC class II beta sequences by ligation-anchored RT-PCR and denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis. European Journal of Immunogenetics 29(3): 213-217

Characterization of Phaseolus vulgaris cDNA clones responsive to water deficit: identification of a novel late embryogenesis abundant-like protein. Plant Molecular Biology 35(4): 393-405

Characterization of Pheochromocytomas in a Mouse Strain with a Targeted Disruptive Mutation of the Neurofibromatosis Gene Nf1. Endocrine Pathology 6(4): 323-335

Characterization of Plasmodium falciparum antigen target of defense mechanisms developed by patients immunized against malaria. Comptes Rendus de L'academie des Sciences. Serie Iii, Sciences de la Vie 316(4): 395-399

Characterization of Plasmodium falciparum glutamate dehydrogenase-soluble antigen. Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research 31(9): 1149-1155

Characterization of Plesiomonas shigelloides from diarrheic children. Central European Journal of Public Health 6(1): 67-70

Characterization of Pneumocystis carinii preparations developed for lipid analysis. Journal of Eukaryotic Microbiology 40(6): 805-815

Characterization of Pore Structure and Coordination of Titanium in TiO(2) and SiO(2)-TiO(2) Sol-Pillared Clays. Journal of Colloid and Interface Science 238(2): 267-272

Characterization of Pseudomonas aeruginosa strains isolated at therapeutic institutions of Moscow. Klinicheskaia Laboratornaia Diagnostika: 11-14

Characterization of Purkinje cells in the goldfish cerebellum during eye movement and adaptive modification of the vestibulo-ocular reflex. Progress in Brain Research 114: 359-381

Characterization of R plasmids from Shigella sonnei in Taiwan. Gaoxiong Yi Xue Ke Xue Za Zhi 9(11): 616-624

Characterization of RAD52 homologs in the fission yeast Schizosaccharomyces pombe. Mutation Research 461(4): 311-323

Characterization of RANTES- and aminooxypentane-RANTES-triggered desensitization signals reveals differences in recruitment of the G protein-coupled receptor complex. Journal of Immunology 163(6): 3037-3044

Characterization of RII(beta) and D-AKAP1 in differentiated adipocytes. American Journal of Physiology. Cell Physiology 282(1): C205-C212

Characterization of RKZ isolate of ovine herpesvirus 1. Acta Virologica 44(6): 335-342

Characterization of RNA editing of the glutamate-receptor subunits GluR5 and GluR6 in granule cells during cerebellar development. Brain Research. Molecular Brain Research 52(1): 130-138

Characterization of RNA in Cytologic Samples Preserved in a Methanol-Based Collection Solution. Molecular Diagnosis 3(2): 67-71

Characterization of RNA strand displacement synthesis by Moloney murine leukemia virus reverse transcriptase. Journal of Biological Chemistry 273(16): 9976-9986

Characterization of RNA-binding protein genes in cyanobacteria. Nucleic Acids Symposium Series: 140-142

Characterization of Rab3A, Rab3B and Rab3C: different biochemical properties and intracellular localization in bovine chromaffin cells. Biochemical Journal 324: 85-90

Characterization of Raman scattering spectra in ternary compound semiconductors. Physical Review. B, Condensed Matter 41(6): 3746-3751

Characterization of Rhizobium loti strains from the Salado River Basin. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek 79(2): 119-125

Characterization of Royal Gala apple aroma using electronic nose technology-potential maturity indicator. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 47(12): 5173-5177

Characterization of Ru(bpy)(3)2+ and Ru(phen)(3)2+ complexes with silver(i) ion of ground state in propylene-carbonate. Acta Pharmaceutica Hungarica 70(3-6): 103-108

Characterization of Rydberg transitions in the L2,3 absorption spectra of SF6 and PF5. Physical Review. A, Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics 44(11): 7838-7840

Characterization of S-hexylglutathione-binding proteins of human hepatocellular carcinoma: separation of enoyl-CoA isomerase from an Alpha class glutathione transferase form. Biochemical Journal 328: 473-478

Characterization of SDS--PAGE-separated proteins by matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization mass spectrometry. Analytical Chemistry 68(6): 1012-1018

Characterization of SV40-transfected cell strains from rabbit keratocytes. Cornea 16(1): 72-78

Characterization of SV40T antigen immortalized human synovial fibroblasts: maintained expression patterns of EGR-1, HLA-DR and some surface receptors. Rheumatology International 16(6): 241-247

Characterization of Saccharomyces cerevisiae strains expressing ira1 mutant alleles modeled after disease-causing mutations in NF1. Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry 202(1-2): 109-118

Characterization of Saccharomyces cerevisiae ubiquinone-deficient mutants. Biofactors 9(2-4): 121-129

Characterization of Salmonella ser. enteritidis phage type 34 isolated from food poisoning outbreaks in Tokyo by epidemiological makers. Kansenshogaku Zasshi. Journal of the Japanese Association for Infectious Diseases 70(7): 702-709

Characterization of Salmonella-induced filaments (Sifs) reveals a delayed interaction between Salmonella-containing vacuoles and late endocytic compartments. Traffic 2(9): 643-653

Characterization of Satellite DNA Sequences from the Commercially Important Marine Rotifers Brachionus rotundiformis and Brachionus plicatilis. Marine Biotechnology 2(1): 38-48

Characterization of Schistosoma mansoni specific human T-T hybrids. Hybridoma 17(5): 421-429

Characterization of Serpulina hyodysenteriae isolates of serotypes 8 and 9 by random amplification of polymorphic DNA analysis. Veterinary Microbiology 48(3-4): 305-314

Characterization of Serratia isolates from soil, ecological implications and transfer of Serratia proteamaculans subsp. quinovora Grimont et al. 1983 to Serratia quinivorans corrig., sp. nov. International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology 52(Pt 6): 2281-2289

Characterization of Seven New Hydrocarbon Compounds Present in the Aroma of Virgin Olive Oils. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 46(2): 648-653

Characterization of Several Polymer Surfaces by Streaming Potential and Wetting Measurements: Some Reflections on Acid-Base Interactions. Journal of Colloid and Interface Science 217(2): 377-387

Characterization of Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli O26 strains and establishment of selective isolation media for these strains. Journal of Clinical Microbiology 40(3): 922-925

Characterization of Shigella dysenteriae type 1 capsular polysaccharide by immunochemical methods. Folia Microbiologica 43(6): 707-712

Characterization of Si/Si1-xGex/Si quantum wells by space-charge spectroscopy. Physical Review. B, Condensed Matter 50(19): 14287-14301

Characterization of Silica-Containing Aluminum Hydroxide and Oxide Aerogels. Journal of Colloid and Interface Science 190(2): 416-426

Characterization of Silver-Containing Pitch-Based Activated Carbon Fibers. Journal of Colloid and Interface Science 220(1): 157-162

Characterization of Silylated Silicas by Inverse Gas Chromatography: Modelization of the Poly(dimethylsiloxane) Monomer Unit/Surface Interactions Using Poly(dimethylsiloxane) Oligomers as Probes. Journal of Colloid and Interface Science 184(2): 586-593

Characterization of Smad phosphorylation and Smad-receptor interaction. Methods in Molecular Biology 142: 67-78

Characterization of Spanish sepiolites by high-resolution solid-state NMR. Solid State Nuclear Magnetic Resonance 8(4): 251-256

Characterization of Sri Lanka rabies virus isolates using nucleotide sequence analysis of nucleoprotein gene. Acta Virologica 45(5-6): 327-333

Characterization of Staphylococcus aureus strains isolated from bovine mastitis in Japan. Journal of Veterinary Medical Science 64(12): 1169-1172

Characterization of Staphylococcus aureus strains isolated from cystic fibrosis patients by conventional and molecular typing. Acta Microbiologica Polonica 50(3-4): 251-261

Characterization of Staphylococcus intermedius from healthy dogs and cases of superficial pyoderma by DNA restriction endonuclease patterns. Veterinary Microbiology 41(3): 259-266

Characterization of Streptococcus pneumoniae 5-enolpyruvylshikimate 3-phosphate synthase and its activation by univalent cations. European Journal of Biochemistry 267(1): 222-227

Characterization of Streptococcus pneumoniae strains isolated from systemic infections in children. Kansenshogaku Zasshi. Journal of the Japanese Association for Infectious Diseases 74(1): 1-5

Characterization of Streptomyces nogalater genes encoding enzymes involved in glycosylation steps in nogalamycin biosynthesis. Molecular & General Genetics 256(2): 203-209

Characterization of Structural and Surface Properties of Activated Carbon Fibers. Journal of Colloid and Interface Science 204(1): 151-156

Characterization of Swiss new world camelid breeds using microsatellite markers. Schweizer Archiv für Tierheilkunde 142(3): 120-125

Characterization of T cell receptor assembly and expression in a Ti gamma delta-positive cell line. European Journal of Immunology 23(2): 487-493

Characterization of T cell receptor repertoire and anti-Ro/SSA autoantibodies in relation to sialadenitis of NOD mice. Autoimmunity 22(1): 9-16

Characterization of T cell responses to Hev b 3, an allergen associated with latex allergy in spina bifida patients. Journal of Immunology 164(8): 4393-4398

Characterization of T cells transmigrating through human endothelial cells in patients with HTLV-I-associated myelopathy. Immunobiology 196(5): 485-490

Characterization of T lymphocyte subtypes in endotoxin-induced uveitis and effect of pentoxifylline treatment. Current Eye Research 24(2): 92-98

Characterization of T-cell immune responses of Echinococcus multilocularis-infected C57BL/6J mice. Parasite Immunology 18(9): 463-472

Characterization of T-cell receptor gamma delta T cells appearing at the early phase of murine Listeria monocytogenes infection. Immunology 78(1): 22-27

Characterization of T-cell subsets infiltrating post-burn hypertrophic scar tissues. Burns 23(7-8): 565-572

Characterization of TCL, a new GTPase of the rho family related to TC10 andCcdc42. Journal of Biological Chemistry 275(46): 36457-36464

Characterization of TCR-induced receptor-proximal signaling events negatively regulated by the protein tyrosine phosphatase PEP. European Journal of Immunology 29(12): 3845-3854

Characterization of TGF-beta 1-binding proteins in human bone marrow stromal cells. British Journal of Haematology 93(3): 507-514

Characterization of TNF receptors on human thymocytes. Thymus 23(3-4): 177-194

Characterization of TREM-3, an activating receptor on mouse macrophages: definition of a family of single Ig domain receptors on mouse chromosome 17. European Journal of Immunology 32(1): 59-66

Characterization of TSCL, a nonviral retroposon from Arabidopsis thaliana. Plant Molecular Biology 35(6): 893-903

Characterization of TTX-resistant persistent Na+ current underlying pacemaker potentials of fish gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) neurons. Journal of Neurophysiology 75(6): 2397-2404

Characterization of Theileria species by PCR using specific target sequences. Parassitologia 41 Suppl 1: 69-72

Characterization of Thylakoid-Derived Lipid-Protein Particles Bearing the Large Subunit of Ribulose-1,5-Bisphosphate Carboxylase/Oxygenase. Plant Physiology 115(3): 1073-1082

Characterization of Ti-Beta zeolites and their reactivity for the photocatalytic reduction of CO2 with H2O. Journal of Synchrotron Radiation 8(Pt 2): 602-604

Characterization of Titania/Silica Gel by Means of Low-Pressure Nitrogen Adsorption. Journal of Colloid and Interface Science 230(2): 320-327

Characterization of Trypanosoma brucei gambiense isolates using restriction fragment length polymorphisms in 5 variant surface glycoprotein genes. Acta Tropica 61(3): 239-254

Characterization of Trypanosoma cruzi. Memorias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz 94 Suppl 1: 177-180

Characterization of Turbid Colloidal Suspensions Using Light Scattering Techniques Combined with Cross-Correlation Methods. Journal of Colloid and Interface Science 207(1): 150-158

Characterization of U2AF(6), a splicing factor related to U2AF(35). Molecular and Cellular Biology 22(1): 221-230

Characterization of UDP-galactose:tomatidine galactosyltransferase from tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum) leaves. Acta Biochimica Polonica 41(2): 202-204

Characterization of UDP-glucose:ceramide glucosyltransferases from different organisms. Biochemical Society Transactions 28(6): 751-752

Characterization of UDP-glucuronosyltransferases (UGTS) involved in the metabolism of troglitazone in rats and humans. Journal of Toxicological Sciences 25(5): 433-441

Characterization of V factor-dependent organisms of the family Pasteurellaceae isolated from porcine pneumonic lungs in Spain. Comparative Immunology, Microbiology and Infectious Diseases 16(2): 123-130

Characterization of V2O5-AlPO4 catalysts by 51V and 1H magic-angle spinning solid-state nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy. Solid State Nuclear Magnetic Resonance 4(1): 59-64

Characterization of V3 loop of HIV type 1 spreading rapidly among injection drug users of Manipur, India: a molecular epidemiological perspective. Aids Research and Human Retroviruses 13(9): 811-811

Characterization of VP6 subgroup, VP7 and VP4 genotype of rotavirus strains in Lusaka, Zambia. Annals of Tropical Paediatrics 18(2): 111-116

Characterization of VX on concrete using ion trap secondary ionization mass spectrometry. Journal of the American Society for Mass Spectrometry 11(1): 69-77

Characterization of Vibrio cholerae cultures isolated in foci of cholera in the city of Kazan. Zhurnal Mikrobiologii, Epidemiologii, i Immunobiologii: 78-80

Characterization of Vibrio cholerae eltor in the city of Kazan in 2001. Zhurnal Mikrobiologii, Epidemiologii, i Immunobiologii: 3-6

Characterization of Vibrio cholerae eltor isolates according to their epidemic potential using new diagnostic cholera bacteriophages eltor ctx+ and ctx- and by the polymerase chain reaction. Zhurnal Mikrobiologii, Epidemiologii, i Immunobiologii: 11-16

Characterization of Vibrio parahaemolyticus manganese-resistant mutants in reference to the function of the ferric uptake regulatory protein. Microbiology and Immunology 44(12): 963-970

Characterization of Volatiles in Rambutan Fruit (Nephelium lappaceum L.). Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 46(2): 611-615

Characterization of Water Channels in Wheat Root Membrane Vesicles. Plant Physiology 115(2): 561-567

Characterization of West Nile virus from five species of mosquitoes, nine species of birds, and one mammal. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 951: 328-331

Characterization of Wnt gene expression in developing and postnatal hair follicles and identification of Wnt5a as a target of Sonic hedgehog in hair follicle morphogenesis. Mechanisms of Development 107(1-2): 69-82

Characterization of X-linked recessive lethal mutations affecting embryonic morphogenesis in Drosophila melanogaster. Genetics 118(1): 109-120

Characterization of Xenopus EED pseudogene, a Polycomb group gene. Dna Sequence 13(4): 225-229

Characterization of Y1, Y2 and Y5 subtypes of the neuropeptide Y (NPY) receptor in rabbit kidney. Sensitivity of ligand binding to guanine nucleotides and phospholipase C inhibitors. Regulatory Peptides 75-76: 127-143

Characterization of Yersinia pestis fibrinolysin using monoclonal antibody. Molekuliarnaia Genetika, Mikrobiologiia i Virusologiia: 21-26

Characterization of [(123)I]IDAM as a novel single-photon emission tomography tracer for serotonin transporters. European Journal of Nuclear Medicine 26(8): 844-853

Characterization of [(125) I]epibatidine binding and nicotinic agonist-mediated (86) Rb(+) efflux in interpeduncular nucleus and inferior colliculus of beta2 null mutant mice. Journal of Neurochemistry 81(5): 1102-1115

Characterization of [(3)H]Quisqualate binding to recombinant rat metabotropic glutamate 1a and 5a receptors and to rat and human brain sections. Journal of Neurochemistry 75(6): 2590-2601

Characterization of [(3)H]idazoxan binding sites on human platelets. Platelets 13(4): 241-246

Characterization of [(3)H]ryanodine binding sites in mammalian lung. Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics 379(1): 109-118

Characterization of [11C]tetrabenazine as an in vivo radioligand for the vesicular monoamine transporter. Nuclear Medicine and Biology 21(2): 151-156

Characterization of [125I-Tyr0]-corticotropin releasing factor (CRF) binding to the CRF binding protein using a scintillation proximity assay. Journal of Neuroscience Methods 83(2): 103-111

Characterization of [125I](R)-trans-7-hydroxy-2-[N-propyl-N-(3'-iodo-2'-propenyl)amino] tetralin binding to dopamine D3 receptors in rat olfactory tubercle. Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics 268(2): 935-942

Characterization of [125I]AR-M100613, a high-affinity radioligand for delta opioid receptors. Peptides 20(11): 1327-1335

Characterization of [125I]RTI-121 binding to dopamine transporter in vitro. Zhongguo Yao Li Xue Bao 18(2): 115-120

Characterization of [125I]RTI-55 binding to dog caudate dopamine transporter. Neuroreport 5(2): 157-160

Characterization of [125I][Ser1]histogranin binding sites in rat brain. Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics 267(1): 350-356

Characterization of [125I]beta-endorphin binding sites in the rat caudal dorsomedial medulla. Peptides 19(5): 931-937

Characterization of [125I]sauvagine binding to CRH2 receptors: membrane homogenate and autoradiographic studies. Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics 286(1): 459-468

Characterization of [18F]fluoroetanidazole, a new radiopharmaceutical for detecting tumor hypoxia. Journal of Nuclear Medicine 40(6): 1072-1079

Characterization of [2-3H]deoxy-D-glucose uptake in retina and retinal pigment epithelium of normal and diabetic rats. Neurochemistry International 28(2): 213-219

Characterization of [35S]lanthionine ketimine specific binding to bovine brain membranes. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 195(2): 673-677

Characterization of [3H]-diprenorphine binding in Rana pipiens: observations of filter binding enhanced by naltrexone. Journal of Pharmacological and Toxicological Methods 41(1): 43-48

Characterization of [3H]AMP binding to rat adipose plasma membranes and its substrate specificity. Membrane & Cell Biology 11(4): 441-447

Characterization of [3H]Ba 679 BR, a slowly dissociating muscarinic antagonist, in human lung: radioligand binding and autoradiographic mapping. Molecular Pharmacology 45(5): 899-907

Characterization of [3H]CGP 12177 binding to beta-adrenergic receptors in intact eel hepatocytes. General and Comparative Endocrinology 121(3): 223-231

Characterization of [3H]CGS 19755 binding sites in the rat spinal cord. Neurochemistry International 24(4): 329-337

Characterization of [3H]GR 113808 binding to 5-HT4 receptors in brain tissues from patients with neurodegenerative disorders. Behavioural Brain Research 73(1-2): 249-252

Characterization of [3H]MEN 11420, a novel glycosylated peptide antagonist radioligand of the tachykinin NK2 receptor. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 248(1): 78-82

Characterization of [3H]MK-801 binding to N-methyl-D-aspartate receptors in cultured rat cerebellar granule neurons and involvement in glutamate-mediated toxicity. Journal of Biochemical Toxicology 11(5): 217-226

Characterization of [3H]Met-enkephalin-Arg6-Phe7 binding to multiple sites in rat and guinea pig cerebellum. Life Sciences 64(14): 1189-1196

Characterization of [3H]Met-enkephalin-Arg6-Phe7 binding to opioid receptors in frog brain membrane preparations. Journal of Neurochemistry 63(4): 1460-1465

Characterization of [3H]RX821002 binding to alpha-2 adrenergic receptor subtypes. Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics 268(3): 1362-1367

Characterization of [3H]SK&F 108566 as a radioligand for angiotensin type-1 receptor. Journal of Receptor Research 13(5): 849-861

Characterization of [3H]YM060, a potent and selective 5-HT3 receptor radioligand, in the cerebral cortex of rats. European Journal of Pharmacology 281(1): 37-42

Characterization of [3H]apafant binding to PAF receptor on rabbit platelet membranes: a comparison of a microplate filtration system and a standard method. Journal of Pharmacological and Toxicological Methods 36(1): 53-62

Characterization of [3H]brevetoxin binding to voltage-dependent sodium channels in adrenal medullary cells. Naunyn-Schmiedeberg's Archives of Pharmacology 350(2): 209-212

Characterization of [3H]clozapine binding sites in rat brain. Journal of Neural Transmission. General Section 101(1-3): 51-64

Characterization of [3H]cytisine binding to human brain membrane preparations. Brain Research 600(1): 127-133

Characterization of [3H]ethynylbicycloorthobenzoate ([3H]EBOB) binding and the action of insecticides on the gamma-aminobutyric acid-gated chloride channel in cultured cerebellar granule neurons. Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics 279(3): 1191-1196

Characterization of [3H]flunitrazepam binding to melanin. Analytical Biochemistry 298(2): 259-264

Characterization of [3H]forskolin binding sites in the human caudate nucleus. Brain Research 610(1): 156-161

Characterization of [3H]idazoxan binding proteins in solubilized membranes from rabbit and human liver. Journal of the Autonomic Nervous System 72(2-3): 111-117

Characterization of [3H]inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate binding sites in human temporal cortical and cerebellar membranes. Neurochemistry International 24(1): 73-80

Characterization of [3H]losartan receptors in isolated rat glomeruli. European Journal of Pharmacology 247(2): 193-198

Characterization of [3H]mazindol binding sites in cultured monkey amniotic epithelial cells. Neuroscience Letters 279(1): 37-40

Characterization of [3H]meta-chlorophenylbiguanide binding to 5-HT3 receptors in N1E-115 neuroblastoma cells. European Journal of Pharmacology 243(1): 7-11

Characterization of [3H]naltrindole binding to delta opioid receptors in mouse brain and mouse vas deferens: evidence for delta opioid receptor heterogeneity. Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics 268(2): 836-846

Characterization of [3H]nisoxetine binding in rat vas deferens membranes: modulation by sigma and PCP ligands. Life Sciences 62(8): 763-773

Characterization of [3H]pentazocine binding sites in post-mortem human frontal cortex. Journal of Neural Transmission 103(1-2): 45-53

Characterization of [3H]ryanodine binding sites in smooth muscle of dog mesentery artery. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 194(3): 1242-1247

Characterization of [3H]staurosporine binding in protein kinase C-II purified from rat brain. Neurochemistry International 22(5): 455-464

Characterization of [3H]substance P binding sites in human skin. Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology 12(1): 6-10

Characterization of [3H]thiocolchicoside binding sites in rat spinal cord and cerebral cortex. European Journal of Pharmacology 376(1-2): 149-157

Characterization of [3H]vesamicol binding in rat brain preparations. Neurochemical Research 18(10): 1067-1072

Characterization of [Phe(13), Tyr(19)]-MCH analog binding activity to the MCH receptor. Neuropeptides 34(3-4): 240-247

Characterization of a 10- to 14-kilodalton protease-sensitive Mycobacterium tuberculosis H37Ra antigen that stimulates human gamma delta T cells. Infection and Immunity 62(12): 5511-5518

Characterization of a 1200-kb genomic segment of chromosome 3p22-p21.3. Dna Research 6(1): 37-44

Characterization of a 142-bp fragment of the murine c-fos oncogene promoter upstream of the SIF-binding element. Gene 142(2): 285-290

Characterization of a 15-lipoxygenase in human breast carcinoma BT-20 cells: stimulation of 13-HODE formation by TGF alpha/EGF. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 231(1): 111-116

Characterization of a 150 kDa accessory receptor for TGF-beta 1 on keratinocytes: direct evidence for a GPI anchor and ligand binding of the released form. Journal of Cellular Biochemistry 83(3): 494-507

Characterization of a 200 kDa glycoprotein (Cs-gp200) on the pathogenic piscine haemoflagellate Cryptobia salmositica. Diseases of Aquatic Organisms 32(1): 41-48

Characterization of a 200-kDa diatom protein that is specifically associated with a silica-based substructure of the cell wall. European Journal of Biochemistry 250(1): 99-105

Characterization of a 3 alpha-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase/carbonyl reductase from the gram-negative bacterium Comamonas testosteroni. European Journal of Biochemistry 241(3): 744-749

Characterization of a 54-kDa heat-shock-inducible protein of Pasteurella haemolytica. Veterinary Microbiology 60(1): 67-73

Characterization of a 64-kd protein phosphorylated during chemotactic activation with IL-8 and fMLP of human polymorphonuclear leukocytes. II. Purification and amino acid analysis of phosphorylated 64-kd protein. Journal of Leukocyte Biology 54(1): 10-16

Characterization of a 7 day 17 beta-estradiol transdermal delivery system: pharmacokinetics in healthy postmenopausal women. Biopharmaceutics & Drug Disposition 17(6): 459-470

Characterization of a Bacillus thuringiensis strain which is toxic to the housefly Musca domestica. Fems Microbiology Letters 114(1): 17-22

Characterization of a Borrelia burgdorferi VlsE invariable region useful in canine Lyme disease serodiagnosis by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Journal of Clinical Microbiology 38(11): 4160-4166

Characterization of a CCD-based digital x-ray imaging system for small-animal studies: properties of spatial resolution. Applied Optics 41(13): 2420-2427

Characterization of a Ca2+ release-activated nonselective cation current regulating membrane potential and [Ca2+]i oscillations in transgenically derived beta-cells. Journal of Biological Chemistry 273(17): 10402-10410

Characterization of a Caenorhabditis elegans recA-like gene Ce-rdh-1 involved in meiotic recombination. Dna Research 5(6): 373-377

Characterization of a Chlamydia psittaci DNA binding protein (EUO) synthesized during the early and middle phases of the developmental cycle. Infection and Immunity 66(3): 1167-1173

Characterization of a Cl(-)-channel from rabbit transverse tubules in the planar lipid bilayer system. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications 191(3): 977-982

Characterization of a D1-D2-cyt b-559 complex containing 4 chlorophyll a/2 pheophytin a isolated with the use of MgSO4. Febs Letters 339(1-2): 25-30

Characterization of a DNA-binding factor that recognizes the 22-base pair trans-spliced leader sequence in Ascaris lumbricoides. Molecular and Biochemical Parasitology 66(1): 139-142

Characterization of a DNA-cleaving deoxyribozyme. Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry 9(10): 2589-2600

Characterization of a Delta8-sphingolipid desaturase from higher plants: a stereochemical and mechanistic study on the origin of E,Z isomers. Angewandte Chemie 41(13): 2298-2300

Characterization of a Dinuclear (&mgr;-Hydroxo)(&mgr;-pyrazolato)dimanganese(II) Complex and Hydrolytic Equilibrium of the Bridging Pyrazolate Ligand. Inorganic Chemistry 37(14): 3652-3656

Characterization of a Drosophila homologue of the human myelodysplasia/myeloid leukemia factor (MLF). Gene 260(1-2): 133-143

Characterization of a Drosophila phosphorylation-dependent nuclear-localization-signal-binding protein. Biochemical Journal 328: 821-826

Characterization of a Euphorbia lagascae epoxide hydrolase gene that is induced early during germination. Biochemical Society Transactions 28(6): 855-857

Characterization of a G-quartet formation reaction promoted by the beta-subunit of the Oxytricha telomere-binding protein. Biochemistry 32(43): 11646-11657

Characterization of a GTP-binding protein in the ADP-ribosylation factor subfamily from Leishmania tarentolae. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta 1442(2-3): 347-352

Characterization of a Gemella-like organism isolated from an abscess of a rabbit: description of Gemella cunicula sp. nov. International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology 50 Pt 6: 2037-2041

Characterization of a Legionella pneumophila relA insertion mutant and toles of RelA and RpoS in virulence gene expression. Journal of Bacteriology 184(1): 67-75

Characterization of a Mak subgroup Cdc2-like protein kinase from sugar beet (Beta vulgaris L.). Journal of Experimental Botany 51(353): 2119-2124

Characterization of a Mg-dependent, Na-inositol co-transport process in cardiac sarcolemmal vesicles. Journal of Molecular and Cellular Cardiology 25(6): 721-731

Characterization of a PACAP-like immunoreactive component in red ginseng root. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 865: 561-565

Characterization of a Polydisperse Depletion-Flocculated Emulsion. Journal of Colloid and Interface Science 228(2): 200-206

Characterization of a Rickettsia rickettsii DNA fragment analogous to the fir A-ORF17-lpxA region of Escherichia coli. Gene 140(1): 109-113

Characterization of a Rif-R population of Bacillus anthracis. Antibiotiki i Khimioterapiia 38(8-9): 34-38

Characterization of a Schistosoma mansoni gene encoding a homologue of the Y-box binding protein. Gene 198(1-2): 5-16

Characterization of a Schistosoma mansoni homologue of the gene encoding the breast basic conserved protein 1/L13 ribosomal protein. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Part B, Biochemistry & Molecular Biology 120(4): 701-708

Characterization of a Staphylococcus aureus transposon, Tn5405, located within Tn5404 and carrying the aminoglycoside resistance genes, aphA-3 and aadE. Plasmid 35(3): 174-188

Characterization of a Swedish bovine isolate of Neospora caninum. Parasitology Research 83(3): 214-219

Characterization of a UDP-Gal:Galbeta1-3GalNAc alpha1, 4-galactosyltransferase activity in a Mamestra brassicae cell line. Journal of Biological Chemistry 273(50): 33644-33651

Characterization of a Ustilago maydis gene specifically induced during the biotrophic phase: evidence for negative as well as positive regulation. Molecular and Cellular Biology 20(1): 329-339

Characterization of a V kappa family in Mus musculus castaneus: expansion at the subset level. Immunogenetics 37(6): 415-425

Characterization of a V kappa family in Mus musculus castaneus: sequence analysis. Immunogenetics 37(6): 426-436

Characterization of a Voltage-dependent Calcium Current in the Human Neuroblastoma Cell Line SH-SY5Y During Differentiation. European Journal of Neuroscience 3(6): 514-522

Characterization of a [3H]glutamate binding site in rat pineal gland: enhanced affinity following superior cervical ganglionectomy. Journal of Pineal Research 14(1): 39-44

Characterization of a [Ca2+]i-dependent current in human atrial and ventricular cardiomyocytes in the absence of Na+ and K+. Cardiovascular Research 41(1): 175-187

Characterization of a backbone cleavage product of BMS-196854 (Oncostatin M), a recombinant anti-inflammatory cytokine. Pharmaceutical Development and Technology 6(2): 255-261

Characterization of a bacterial gene encoding an autophosphorylating protein tyrosine kinase. Gene 204(1-2): 259-265

Characterization of a bacteriocin produced by Streptococcus thermophilus 81. International Journal of Food Microbiology 42(3): 147-158

Characterization of a bacteriophage for Carnobacterium divergens NCFB 2763 by host specificity and electron microscopy. Letters in Applied Microbiology 25(6): 401-404

Characterization of a basement membrane protein (BM180) using capillary electrophoresis. Journal of Capillary Electrophoresis 4(6): 287-292

Characterization of a basic phospholipase A2-homologeu myotoxin isolated from the venom of the snake Bothrops neuwiedii (yarará chica) from Argentina. Toxicon 37(12): 1735-1746

Characterization of a basic serine proteinase (pI approximately 9.5) secreted by virulent strains of Dichelobacter nodosus and identification of a distinct, but closely related, proteinase secreted by benign strains. Biochemical Journal 299: 521-525

Characterization of a beta -N-acetylglucosaminidase of Escherichia coli and elucidation of its role in muropeptide recycling and beta -lactamase induction. Journal of Biological Chemistry 275(50): 39032-8

Characterization of a beta 3-adrenoceptor stimulating gastrin and somatostatin secretions in rat antrum. American Journal of Physiology 272(5 Pt 1): G1000-6

Characterization of a beta-Asp33 isoform of recombinant hirudin sequence variant 1 by low-energy collision-induced dissociation. Journal of Mass Spectrometry 31(9): 967-974

Characterization of a biomaterial with cartilage-like properties expressing type X collagen generated in vitro using neonatal porcine articular and growth plate chondrocytes. Osteoarthritis and Cartilage 9(2): 169-177

Characterization of a blue fluorophore isolated from in vitro reaction of N-proportional to-acetyllysine and 3-deoxyglucosone. Preparative Biochemistry & Biotechnology 28(4): 319-338

Characterization of a bovine herpesvirus 4(BHV-4) 1.1-kb RNA and its transactivation by BHV-4 immediate-early 2 gene product. Archives of Virology 143(12): 2391-2412

Characterization of a bovine herpesvirus type 4 isolated from the spinal cord of a cow with astasia . Archives of Virology 145(11): 2363-2370

Characterization of a cDNA and gene encoding a cuticular protein from rigid cuticles of the giant silkmoth, Hyalophora cecropia. Insect Biochemistry and Molecular Biology 24(4): 419-435

Characterization of a cDNA clone encoding pedal peptide in the terrestrial snail. Neuroreport 8(16): 3631-3635

Characterization of a cDNA clone, encoding a 70 kDa heat shock protein from the dermatophyte pathogen Trichophyton rubrum. Gene 241(1): 27-33

Characterization of a cDNA encoding a cathepsin L-like protein of Rhodnius prolixus. Insect Molecular Biology 10(5): 505-511

Characterization of a cDNA encoding a novel human Golgi alpha 1, 2-mannosidase (IC) involved in N-glycan biosynthesis. Journal of Biological Chemistry 275(41): 31655-31660

Characterization of a cDNA encoding a subunit of the rat brain rsec6/8 complex. Gene 187(1): 67-73

Characterization of a cDNA for rhesus monkey protein C inhibitor--evidence for N-terminal involvement in heparin stimulation. Thrombosis and Haemostasis 74(4): 1079-1087

Characterization of a cDNA homologous to carotenoid-associated protein in citrus fruits. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta 1442(2-3): 334-338

Characterization of a cDNA-clone encoding Nc-p43, a major Neospora caninum tachyzoite surface protein. Parasitology 115: 581-590

Characterization of a cadmium-inducible isoform of pyruvate carboxylase from Caenorhabditis elegans. Dna Sequence 12(2): 137-145

Characterization of a calcium binding domain in the VP1 protein of the avian polyomavirus, budgerigar fledgling disease virus. Virus Research 44(2): 123-135

Characterization of a calcium-dependent calmodulin-binding domain in the 135-kD human protein 4.1 isoform. European Journal of Biochemistry 258(2): 567-571

Characterization of a calcium-dependent protein kinase of tobacco leaves that is associated with the plasma membrane and is inducible by sucrose. Plant & Cell Physiology 39(11): 1176-1183

Characterization of a canine long-term T cell line (DLC 01) established from a dog with Sézary syndrome and producing retroviral particles. Leukemia 13(8): 1281-1290

Characterization of a capillary-discharge plasma. Physical Review. E, Statistical Physics, Plasmas, Fluids, and Related Interdisciplinary Topics 47(2): 1305-1312

Characterization of a cartilage-derived 66-kDa protein (RGD-CAP/beta ig-h3) that binds to collagen. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta 1355(3): 303-314

Characterization of a catalase-deficient strain of Neisseria gonorrhoeae: evidence for the significance of catalase in the biology of N. gonorrhoeae. Infection and Immunity 61(4): 1232-1238

Characterization of a catalytic antibody for stereoselective ester hydrolysis--a catalytic residue and mode of product inhibition. Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry 2(6): 457-468

Characterization of a cell line derived from a human giant cell tumor that stimulates osteoclastic bone resorption. Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research: 229-241

Characterization of a cell-associated inulosucrase from a novel source: a Leuconostoc citreum strain isolated from Pozol, a fermented corn beverage of Mayan origin. Journal of Industrial Microbiology & Biotechnology 28(2): 112-117

Characterization of a central corneal cloudiness sharing features of posterior crocodile shagreen and central cloud dystrophy of François. Cornea 15(4): 347-354

Characterization of a cerebellar granule cell-specific gene encoding the gamma-aminobutyric acid type A receptor alpha 6 subunit. Journal of Neurochemistry 67(3): 907-916

Characterization of a chicken cDNA encoding the retinoblastoma gene product. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta 1218(1): 82-86

Characterization of a chromosome-specific chimpanzee alpha satellite subset: evolutionary relationship to subsets on human chromosomes. Genomics 33(2): 220-228

Characterization of a cis-regulatory element and trans-acting protein that regulates transcription of the angiotensin II type 1a receptor gene. Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology 396: 1-10

Characterization of a class Ib gene of the rat major histocompatibility complex. Immunogenetics 38(2): 82-91

Characterization of a class of cationic peptides able to facilitate efficient protein transduction in vitro and in vivo. Molecular Therapy 2(4): 339-347

Characterization of a cloned gene (pip) from lactococcus lactis required for phage infection. Developments in Biological Standardization 85: 569-575

Characterization of a cluster comprising approximately 100 odorant receptor genes in mouse. Mammalian Genome 11(12): 1070-1078

Characterization of a cluster of late genes of guinea pig cytomegalovirus. Virus Genes 23(3): 247-256

Characterization of a collagenolytic enzyme released from wounded planarians Dugesia japonica. Wound Repair and Regeneration 7(6): 458-466

Characterization of a commercial multileaf collimator used for intensity modulated radiation therapy. Medical Physics 28(5): 752-756

Characterization of a complex translocation [t(4;9;22)(p16;q34;q11)] in chronic myelogenous leukemia by fluorescence in situ hybridization technique. Cancer Genetics and Cytogenetics 90(2): 142-145

Characterization of a conserved alpha-helical, coiled-coil motif at the C-terminal domain of the ATP-dependent FtsH (HflB) protease of Escherichia coli. Journal of Molecular Biology 299(4): 953-964

Characterization of a cooperativity domain mutant Lys3 --> Ala (K3A) T4 gene 32 protein. Journal of Biological Chemistry 271(44): 27623-9

Characterization of a core alpha1-->3-fucosyltransferase from the snail Lymnaea stagnalis that is involved in the synthesis of complex-type N-glycans. Febs Letters 461(3): 311-314

Characterization of a coronavirus isolated from a diarrheic foal. Journal of Clinical Microbiology 38(12): 4523-4526

Characterization of a cross-linked DNA-endonuclease VIII repair complex by electrospray ionization mass spectrometry. Journal of the American Society for Mass Spectrometry 11(6): 505-515

Characterization of a cross-reactive electronic nose with vapoluminescent array elements. Analytical Chemistry 74(11): 2547-2555

Characterization of a culturable "Gastrospirillum hominis" (Helicobacter heilmannii) strain isolated from human gastric mucosa. Journal of Clinical Microbiology 37(4): 1069-1076

Characterization of a cysteine proteinase from Taenia crassiceps cysts . Molecular and Biochemical Parasitology 85(2): 243-253

Characterization of a cytogenetic 17q11.2 deletion in an NF1 patient with a contiguous gene syndrome. Human Genetics 98(6): 646-650

Characterization of a cytokinesis defective (cyd1) mutant of Arabidopsis. Journal of Experimental Botany 50(338): 1437-1446

Characterization of a cytoplasmic histone-coenzyme A acetyltransferase. Febs Letters 19(1): 83-86

Characterization of a cytosolic estrogen receptor and its up-regulation by 17 beta-estradiol and the xenoestrogen 4-tert-octylphenol in the liver of eelpout (Zoarces viviparus). Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Toxicology & Pharmacology 125(3): 299-313

Characterization of a cytotoxic factor produced by rat bladder cancer cell line: its identity to TNF alpha. Immunology Letters 41(1): 19-24

Characterization of a de novo 43-bp deletion of the Gs alpha gene (GNAS1) in Albright hereditary osteodystrophy. Genomics 21(2): 455-457

Characterization of a de novo 48,XX,+r(X),+r(17) by in situ hybridization in a patient with neurofibromatosis (NF1). American Journal of Medical Genetics 45(1): 22-24

Characterization of a de novo partial trisomy 22q13-qter in a patient by microFISH. Clinical Dysmorphology 9(1): 55-57

Characterization of a de novo t(Y;9) (q11.2;q22) by FISH technique. Annales de Genetique 39(1): 10-15

Characterization of a defined 2,3,5, 6-tetrachlorobiphenyl-ortho-dechlorinating microbial community by comparative sequence analysis of genes coding for 16S rRNA. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 64(9): 3359-3367

Characterization of a delta 5-3 beta-hydroxy pathway of testosterone synthesis in the human spermatozoa. Archives of Andrology 38(1): 75-83

Characterization of a desiccation-related protein in lily pollen during development and stress. Plant & Cell Physiology 39(12): 1307-1314

Characterization of a didehydrobenzoxazine intermediate in a novel carbene-to-carbene transformation. Journal of the American Chemical Society 124(26): 7670-7671

Characterization of a diode system for in vivo dosimetry with electron beams. La Radiologia Medica 102(4): 271-275

Characterization of a dioxygenase from Trigonella foenum-graecum involved in 4-hydroxyisoleucine biosynthesis. Phytochemistry 44(4): 563-566

Characterization of a distinct subpopulation of bovine gamma delta T cells. Zentralblatt für Veterinarmedizin. Reihe B. Journal of Veterinary Medicine. Series B 42(3): 162-174

Characterization of a divergent glycosomal microbody phosphoglycerate kinase from Trypanosoma brucei. Molecular and Biochemical Parasitology 60(2): 265-272

Characterization of a double gene disruption in the LYS2 locus of the pathogenic yeast, Candida albicans. Medical Mycology 37(6): 411-417

Characterization of a family of bacterial response regulator aspartyl-phosphate (RAP) phosphatases. Microbial & Comparative Genomics 2(2): 103-111

Characterization of a flower-specific gene encoding a putative myrosinase binding protein in Arabidopsis thaliana. Plant & Cell Physiology 40(12): 1287-1296

Characterization of a fluoroscopic imaging system for kV and MV radiography. Medical Physics 27(5): 898-905

Characterization of a focal adhesion protein, Hic-5, that shares extensive homology with paxillin. Journal of Cell Science 112: 181-190

Characterization of a focal plane camera fitted to a Mattauch-Herzog geometry mass spectrograph. 1. Use with a glow-discharge source. Analytical Chemistry 74(20): 5327-5332

Characterization of a folate receptor in parotid gland and a folate binding protein in saliva from humans. Epitope relatedness to human milk folate binding protein. Apmis 108(7-8): 517-524

Characterization of a fourth lipoprotein from Pasteurella haemolytica A1 and its homology to the OmpA family of outer membrane proteins. Fems Microbiology Letters 165(1): 71-77

Characterization of a fragment containing a putative TLP cDNA sequence. Anticancer Research 22(5): 2693-2696

Characterization of a full-length cDNA encoding a bovine four tandem-repeat ubiquitin. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta 1172(1-2): 209-211

Characterization of a functional NF-kappa B site in the human interleukin 1 beta promoter: evidence for a positive autoregulatory loop. Molecular and Cellular Biology 13(10): 6231-6240

Characterization of a functional hyaluronan-binding domain from the human CD44 molecule expressed in Escherichia coli. Protein Expression and Purification 14(3): 371-381

Characterization of a functional null cell line derived from NZB x NZW)F1 mice. Scandinavian Journal of Immunology 40(6): 669-674

Characterization of a functional serum response element in the Actin403 gene promoter from the crustacean Artemia franciscana. European Journal of Biochemistry 268(9): 2587-2592

Characterization of a gene encoding a DNA-binding protein that interacts in vitro with vascular specific cis elements of the phenylalanine ammonia-lyase promoter. Plant Molecular Biology 35(3): 281-291

Characterization of a gene from the filamentous fungus Podospora anserina encoding an aspartyl protease induced upon carbon starvation. Gene 210(1): 45-52

Characterization of a gene locus from Erwinia amylovora with regulatory functions in exopolysaccharide synthesis of Erwinia spp. Canadian Journal of Microbiology 44(7): 657-666

Characterization of a generic monoclonal antibody harvesting system for adsorption of DNA by depth filters and various membranes. Bioseparation 8(6): 281-291

Characterization of a glial cell-specific DNA-protein complex formed with the human T cell lymphotropic virus type I (HTLV-I) enhancer. Journal of Neurovirology 1(1): 62-77

Characterization of a group of hospitalized elderly women and their caretakers keeping in mind the care after hospital discharge. Revista Da Escola de Enfermagem Da U S P 36(1): 33-41

Characterization of a halotolerant-psychroloterant bacterium from dry valley Antarctic soil. Advances in Space Research 3(8): 43-47

Characterization of a helicase, DHEL III, from Drosophila melanogaster embryonic nuclei. Biochemistry and Molecular Biology International 43(4): 723-731

Characterization of a hemichordate fork head/HNF-3 gene expression. Development Genes and Evolution 210(1): 11-17

Characterization of a hemorrhagic factor, LHF-I, isolated from the bushmaster snake (Lachesis muta muta) venom. Toxicon 33(12): 1653-1667

Characterization of a hexamer motif and b element of the nopaline synthase (nos) promoter. Molecules and Cells 7(1): 84-89

Characterization of a high voltage flat panel display unit using nanotube-based emitters. Ultramicroscopy 89(1-3): 105-109

Characterization of a high-affinity folate receptor in normal and malignant human testicular tissue. Bioscience Reports 19(6): 571-580

Characterization of a high-gain harmonic-generation free-electron laser at saturation. Physical Review Letters 86(26 Pt 1): 5902-5905

Characterization of a highly attenuated Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium mutant strain. Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection 35(4): 229-235

Characterization of a highly proliferative population of adult hepatocytes and its use for tissue engineering. Nihon Geka Gakkai Zasshi 102(3): 277-281

Characterization of a human alpha 1-antitrypsin null allele involving aberrant mRNA splicing. Human Molecular Genetics 2(7): 1001-1005

Characterization of a human cardiac gene which encodes for a LIM domain protein and is developmentally expressed in myocardial development. Journal of Molecular and Cellular Cardiology 29(1): 426-427

Characterization of a human cytomegalovirus with phosphorylation site mutations in the immediate-early 2 protein. Journal of Virology 76(2): 928-932

Characterization of a human genomic DNA fragment which rescues defective lipid-linked oligosaccharide synthesis in a mutant G258 cell line isolated from the FM3A mouse mammary carcinoma cell line. Somatic Cell and Molecular Genetics 24(4): 235-243

Characterization of a human glutathione S-transferase mu cluster containing a duplicated GSTM1 gene that causes ultrarapid enzyme activity. Molecular Pharmacology 52(6): 958-965

Characterization of a human homolog (OVOL1) of the Drosophila ovo gene, which maps to chromosome 11q13. Mammalian Genome 8(12): 950-951

Characterization of a human homologue of the Saccharomyces cerevisiae transcription factor spt3 (SUPT3H). Genomics 53(1): 90-96

Characterization of a human import component of the mitochondrial outer membrane, TOMM70A. Cell Communication & Adhesion 9(1): 15-27

Characterization of a human melanoma cell line with non-oestrogen receptor dependent tamoxifen resistance. Melanoma Research 9(6): 531-537

Characterization of a human monoclonal autoantibody directed to cardiolipin/beta 2 glycoprotein I produced by chronic lymphocytic leukaemia B cells. Clinical and Experimental Immunology 94(2): 385-390

Characterization of a human small-cell lung cancer cell line resistant to a new water-soluble camptothecin derivative, DX-8951f. Japanese Journal of Cancer Research 89(11): 1179-1186

Characterization of a hybrid receptor formed by dimerization of the insulin receptor-related receptor (IRR) with the insulin receptor (IR): coexpression of cDNAs encoding human IRR and human IR in NIH-3T3 cells. Biochemistry 35(45): 14326-14330

Characterization of a hybrid zone between two chromosomal races of the weta Hemideina thoracica following a geologically recent volcanic eruption. Heredity 85(Pt 6): 586-592

Characterization of a large chromosomal "high-pathogenicity island" in biotype 1B Yersinia enterocolitica. Journal of Bacteriology 178(23): 6743-6751

Characterization of a large transferrin-binding protein from Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae serotype 7. Zentralblatt für Veterinarmedizin. Reihe B. Journal of Veterinary Medicine. Series B 44(2): 73-86

Characterization of a laser-produced plasma using the technique of point-projection absorption spectroscopy. Physical Review. A, Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics 44(4): 2641-2648

Characterization of a lectin from goat peripheral blood lymphocytes. Indian Journal of Biochemistry & Biophysics 33(6): 506-511

Characterization of a lectin from the leaves of great northern bean, Phaseolus vulgaris L. Bioscience, Biotechnology, and Biochemistry 60(4): 608-611

Characterization of a lectin-like protein isolated from Lachesis muta snake venom. Revista de Biologia Tropical 37(1): 79-83

Characterization of a life-cycle-stage-regulated membrane protein tyrosine phosphatase in Trypanosoma brucei. European Journal of Biochemistry 234(3): 871-877

Characterization of a life-extending mutation in age-2, a new aging gene in Caenorhabditis elegans. Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences 54(4): B137-B142

Characterization of a light chain product of the human JC lambda 7 gene complex. Journal of Immunology 157(10): 4474-4477

Characterization of a linear DNA plasmid from the filamentous fungal plant pathogen Glomerella musae [Anamorph: Colltotrichum musae (Berk. & Curt.) Arx.. Current Genetics 32(2): 152-156

Characterization of a long linear thermolesion in rabbit atria by high density mapping. Pacing and Clinical Electrophysiology 25(2): 167-177

Characterization of a low affinity binding protein for growth hormone in rat serum. Endocrinology 141(1): 138-145

Characterization of a low-sulfated chondroitin sulfate from the body of Viviparus ater (mollusca gastropoda). Modification of its structure by lead pollution. Glycoconjugate Journal 15(11): 1071-1078

Characterization of a macrophage-based system for studying the activation of latent TGF-beta. Methods in Cell Science 21(1): 47-56

Characterization of a macrophage-specific infectivity locus (milA) of Legionella pneumophila. Infection and Immunity 68(1): 368-376

Characterization of a magnetic bearing system and fluid properties for a continuous flow ventricular assist device. Artificial Organs 23(8): 792-796

Characterization of a maize Ca(2+)-dependent protein kinase phosphorylating phosphoenolpyruvate carboxylase. Plant & Cell Physiology 39(10): 1010-1019

Characterization of a maize ribosomal P2 protein cDNA and phylogenetic analysis of the P1/P2 family of ribosomal proteins. Plant Molecular Biology 30(3): 655-658

Characterization of a marker of differentiation for tracheal ciliated cells independent of ciliation. American Journal of Respiratory Cell and Molecular Biology 9(1): 26-32

Characterization of a melatonin binding site in Siberian hamster brown adipose tissue. European Journal of Pharmacology 339(2-3): 271-278