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Chemokine expression in Porphyromonas gingivalis-specific T-cell lines

, : Chemokine expression in Porphyromonas gingivalis-specific T-cell lines. Oral Microbiology and Immunology 15(3): 166-171

Autologous non-T cells (monocytes and B cells) were added to Porphyromonas gingivalis-specific T cell lines established from 9 healthy adults together with P. gingivalis outer membrane antigens for 4-6, 16-18, 24 and 48 h. Flow cytometry was employed to analyze the CD4 and CD8 cells, monocytes and B cells for intracytoplasmic IP-10 (interferon-gamma inducible protein 10), MCP-1 (monocyte chemoattractant protein 1), MIP-1 alpha (macrophage inflammatory protein 1 alpha) and RANTES (regulated on activation normal T cell expressed and secreted) at the four time periods. All cell types were positive for each chemokine throughout the 48-h time period. There were significantly fewer MCP-1-positive cells compared with the other 3 chemokines. However, the percentages of MCP-1, MIP-1 alpha- and RANTES-positive CD8 cells were significantly higher than the percentages of positive CD4 cells in all cultures. IP-10-positive CD4, CD14-positive monocytes and CD19-positive B cells were predominant compared with MIP-1 alpha- and RANTES-positive cells at 24 h. In conclusion, the present study has shown that P. gingivalis-specific T cells, monocytes and B cells produce chemokines in response to P. gingivalis outer membrane antigens, IP-10 being predominant, with MCP-1 being significantly reduced in comparison with IP-10, MIP-1 alpha and RANTES. Increased percentages of CD8 cells were induced to produce chemokines in comparison with CD4 cells, indicating a more preferential action on CD8 rather than CD4 cells.


PMID: 11154399

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