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Conservative management of extra-uterine pregnancy

, : Conservative management of extra-uterine pregnancy. Contraception, Fertilite, Sexualite 22(6): 410-413

Expectant management was studied in 35 patients representing 4.9% of all ectopic pregnancies during an 8 year period. Laparoscopy was performed in a first period to define the inclusion criteria: hematosalpinx < or = 2 cm and hemoperitoneum < or = 50 ml. In a second period, inclusion criteria used a predictive pretherapeutic score < or = 11 with a sonographic visualization of the ectopic pregnancy. This score involved six criteria graded on a scale from 1 to 3: gestational age, hCG and P level, existence of abdominal pain, size of hemoperitoneum and diameter of hematosalpinx assessed sonographically. The patients were on out-patients basis. Success rate was 85.7% (30/35 patients). When the pretherapeutic score was < or = 11 and the initial hCG level < 1,000 mUl/ml the success rate increased to 96%. Thirteen patients (87%) had patent tubes evaluated by hysterosalpingography on the side of the ectopic pregnancy. Twelve patients delivered one miscarriage occurred and none ectopic pregnancy was observed. Expectant management is a useful form of treatment for ectopic pregnancy in selected cases.


PMID: 8075657

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