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Curing depth of four composite veneering materials polymerized with different laboratory photo-curing units

, : Curing depth of four composite veneering materials polymerized with different laboratory photo-curing units. Journal of Oral Rehabilitation 25(5): 348-352

Post-curing properties of composite materials are influenced by the type of base monomer, activation system, filler content, and also by the type of light source employed. This study examined curing depth of four composite veneering materials polymerized by means of two different high-intensity photo-curing units for the purpose of evaluating the curing performance of the combinations of composite material and photo-curing unit. Two microfilled and two hybrid composite materials designed for prosthetic veneer were assessed. The composite materials were cured using two photo-curing units, one with a xenon light source and one with two metal halide light sources, and exposure periods varied from 20 to 90 s. Curing depth of the materials was determined with a scraping technique described by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO 4049). Three-factor analysis of variance revealed that the depth of cure was influenced by the type of composite material as well as by the photo-curing unit, and also by the exposure period (P = 0.0001). A microfilled composite material (Dentacolor) demonstrated the greatest depth of cure (4.69 mm) after 90 s irradiation with a metal halide unit (Hyper LII). Of the two photo-curing units, the metal halide curing unit consistently exhibited greater depth of cure than the xenon curing unit (Dentacolor XS). Longer exposure increased the depth of cure for all combinations.


PMID: 9639158

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