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Current HIV therapy and its clinical problems

, : Current HIV therapy and its clinical problems. Rinsho Byori. Japanese Journal of Clinical Pathology 48(7): 575-579

HIV-specific protease inhibitors(PI) have been available in Japan since 1997. Since then, highly active anti-retroviral therapy(HAART) including two reverse transcriptase inhibitors combined with PI became the main strategy of HIV treatment. After introducing HAART, incidence of most opportunistic infections dramatically decreased, resulted a steep decline of AIDS death in Japan as well as in the United States. However, several unexpected problems related to HAART have been coming up. One is a lipodystrophy syndrome(LDS) which is a novel side effect caused by PI. Lipid disposition was noted associated with hyperlipidemia and/or hyperglycemia. Ischemic heart diseases will emerge in patients with LDS in future. Another one is inflammatory reactions to some opportunistic pathogens, such as Mycobacteria, Pneumocystis carinii, cryptococcus, and so on, occurred during course of immune reconstitution after HAART. This reaction is sometimes too severe to continue HAART and corticosteroid is often required to control the reaction. How to diagnose and how to manage the reaction are to be determined in future.


PMID: 11051780

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