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Current approach to STD management in women

, : Current approach to STD management in women. International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics: the Official Organ of the International Federation of Gynaecology and Obstetrics 63 Suppl 1: S183-S189

HIV infection was recognized as a new sexually transmitted disease (STD) at the beginning of the last decade. The knowledge of risk factors for sexual transmission of HIV changed the focus on STD to a broader perspective for prevention and control of HIV infection, and consequently of STD. Barriers to STD control include cultural aspects, difficulties in changing sexual behavior, asymptomatic disease in women and expensive and inaccessible tests for diagnosis. The classical clinical approach based on etiologic treatment has never been achieved by developing countries. The international community has been searching for new approaches. Syndromic management and mass treatment are strategies recently found as useful. Nevertheless the best approach to endocervicitis by Neisseria gonorrhoeae and Chlamydia trachomatis remain problematic. Then, the current approach to STD management must include: prompt attention to every patient seeking care for STD; early diagnosis and treatment; delivery of short term treatment at the clinic; education on STD/HIV; screening for other STDs with pre- and post-test counseling; counseling on risk reduction; provision of condoms; integration of STD services with family planning, prenatal and gynecological services.


PMID: 10075231

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