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Effect of amine nature on reaction mechanism: aminolyses of o-4-nitrophenyl thionobenzoate with primary and secondary amines


, : Effect of amine nature on reaction mechanism: aminolyses of o-4-nitrophenyl thionobenzoate with primary and secondary amines. Journal of Organic Chemistry 67(25): 8999-9005

Pseudo-first-order rate constants (k(obs)) have been measured spectrophotometrically for reactions of O-4-nitrophenyl thionobenzoate (2) with a series of primary and acyclic secondary amines. The plots of k(obs) vs amine concentration are linear for the reaction of 2 with primary amines. The slope of the Brønsted-type plot for the reaction of 2 with primary amines decreases from 0.77 to 0.17 as the amine basicity increases, indicating that the reaction proceeds through a zwitterionic addition intermediate in which the rate-determining step changes from the breakdown of the intermediate to the reaction products to the formation of the intermediate as the amine basicity increases. On the other hand, for reactions with all the acyclic secondary amines studied, the plot of k(obs) vs amine concentration exhibits an upward curvature, suggesting that the reaction proceeds through two intermediates, e.g., a zwitterionic addition intermediate and an anionic intermediate. The microscopic rate constants (k(1), k(-)(1), k(2), and k(3) where available) have been determined for the reactions of 2 with all the primary and secondary amines studied. The k(1) value is larger for the reaction with the primary amine than for the reaction with the isobasic acyclic secondary amines, while the k(-)(1) value is much larger for the latter reaction than for the former reaction. The k(3) value for the reaction with secondary amine is independent of the amine basicity. The small k(2)/k(-)(1) ratio is proposed to be responsible for the deprotonation process observed in aminolyses of carbonyl or thiocarbonyl derivatives.

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PMID: 12467421


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