geoscience.net logo
+ Resolve Article
+ Follow Us
Follow on FacebookFollow on Facebook
Follow on TwitterFollow on Twitter

+ Translate
+ Subscribe to Site Feed
GeoScience Most Shared ContentMost Shared Content

Effect of needle and syringe exchange programs on the spread of viral hepatitis C


, : Effect of needle and syringe exchange programs on the spread of viral hepatitis C. Epidemiologie, Mikrobiologie, Imunologie 48(4): 171-178

The authors examined a total of 224 clients (147 men and 77 women) of the Contact centre for drug-dependent subjects "Drug out" in Ustí nad Labem. The subjects, parenteral abusers of hard drugs. The majority of examined subjects were 20-24 years old and accounted for 50.9% of the whole group. In all the history of abuse was assessed, the type of drug they took and are taking at present, how long they have been taking it, route of administration of the drug. Participation in the exchange programme was focused on the adherence to using their own injection tools. In addition the authors assessed whether the subjects had hepatitis. After they obtained informed consent, if possible, 4 ml venous blood samples were taken. The blood was examined for anti-HCV by the method of micro-enzyme immunoassay (MEIA) on an Axsym apparatus of Abbott Co. The positive response to anti-HCV was assessed in 83, i.e. 37.1%. Abusers who took drugs for longer periods were more frequently infected. So far it proved possible to obtain samples repeatedly from 38 clients who were originally negative. In the latter new positivity was found in 36.8%. The incidence of new positivity is 35.7/100/year. Evaluation of the participation in the exchange programme of needles and syringes was made with the following conclusion the provisions resolve the position only partly, they reduce the rate of spread of infections but do not eliminate the risk. The spread of VHC in the population of drug abusers is due to the risky procedure during preparation of the drug dose and lack of adherence to the principle of using their own needles and syringes. During implementation of preventive programmes in the population a comprehensive approach is needed including information on the spread of viral hepatitis and HIV infection. VHC is a problem to which systematic attention must be paid on account of its impact on health and economics. These problems cumulate and develop after a certain time interval.

US$29.90

PMID: 10658346


Other references

Stephens, T.C.; Pattison, G., 2017: Transition-Metal-Free Homologative Cross-Coupling of Aldehydes and Ketones with Geminal Bis(boron) Compounds. We report a transition-metal-free coupling of aldehydes and ketones with geminal bis(boron) building blocks which provides the coupled, homologated carbonyl compound upon oxidation. This reaction not only extends an alkyl chain containing a carbon...

Mora-Garcia, P.; Wei, J.; Sakamoto, K.M., 2004: G-CSF induces stabilization of ETS protein Fli-1 during myeloid cell development. Granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) is a growth factor that regulates the production and function of neutrophils. G-CSF has been used to treat neutropenia in neonates, pediatric cancer patients, and patients undergoing stem cell transpla...

Rifkin J.L., 1968: Coupling of a inst measuring eyepiece to a inst voltage divider to allow the continuous display of measured microscopic dimensions protozoa. Analytical Biochemistry 24(2): 192-196

Matushek, K.J.; Cockshutt, J.R., 1987: Mesenteric and gastric volvulus in a dog. Concomitant gastric and mesenteric volvulus was diagnosed in a 5-year-old Komondorok. Despite surgical correction of both displacements, the dog died 14 hours after surgery. Although gastric volvulus is a well-known syndrome in dogs, mesenteric vo...

Fagan J.F., 1984: Recognition memory and intelligence. The assumption that individual differences in recognition memory are associated with individual differences in intelligence was explored by administering intelligence tests and tests of immediate visual recognition memory to a sample of 52 childre...

Kelvin, E.A.; Carpio, A.; Bagiella, E.; Leslie, D.; Leon, P.; Andrews, H.; Hauser, W.A.; Lisanti, N.; Aguirre, R.; Serrano, M.; Pesantes, J.; Moncayo, J.; Roman, M., 2010: The association of host age and gender with inflammation around neurocysticercosis cysts. The results of previous investigations indicate that age and gender may influence the strength of the human host's immune response to infection of the central nervous system with the larvae of Taenia solium. Most of the relevant research on s...

Jox, A.; Kotkowsky, S.; Belge, G.; Ruediger, T.; Bullerdiek, J.; Diehl, V.; Wolf, J., 1998: No evidence for the persistence of integrated EBV fragments in LMP-1 negative cases of classical Hodgkins disease. Blood 92(10 SUPPL 1 PART 1-2): 410A, Nov 15

Esquenazi, E.; Jones, A.C.; Byrum, T.; Dorrestein, P.C.; Gerwick, W.H., 2011: Temporal dynamics of natural product biosynthesis in marine cyanobacteria. Sessile marine organisms are prolific sources of biologically active natural products. However, these compounds are often found in highly variable amounts, with the abiotic and biotic factors governing their production remaining poorly understood....

Gunnett, C.A.; Zhang, F.; Hartle, D.K., 1996: Regional brain glutathione depletion and lipid peroxidation by 2-cyclohexene-1-one in rats. FASEB Journal 10(3): A720

Roux, L., 1979: Biochemical characterization of clones and lines of Asparagus officinalis L. by the study of some foliar isoenzymes. EUCARPIA section vegetables: proceedings of the 5th International Asparagus Symposium 28th August 1st September 1979 edited by Gerhard Reuther: 170