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Effect of retinoic acid and vitamin D on the expression of interleukin-1 beta, tumour necrosis factor-alpha and interleukin-6 in the human monocytic cell line U937


, : Effect of retinoic acid and vitamin D on the expression of interleukin-1 beta, tumour necrosis factor-alpha and interleukin-6 in the human monocytic cell line U937. Immunology 79(2): 229-235

We have previously described a synergism between the two physiological hormones, retinoic acid (RA) and 1 alpha,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 (VD) in the induction of U937 cell differentiation towards a more mature state. Herein, we investigated the regulation of cytokine production during RA and/or VD treatment of U937 cells. Cell differentiation was followed by measurement of their capacity to give oxidative responses, and interleukin-1 beta (IL-1 beta), tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) and IL-6 gene and protein expression were determined in RA/VD-treated cells, activated or not with lipopolysaccharide (LPS). The undifferentiated and RA-treated U937 cells were unable to produce monokines even when they were stimulated by LPS. VD induced the monokine mRNA expression in U937 cells but failed to induce protein release. However, unlike RA, it primed the cells to secrete monokines upon endotoxin stimulation. A large enhancement of the production of the monokines both at mRNA and protein levels was observed in the U937 cells exposed to the combination of RA + VD. Nevertheless, protein release required a further step of activation of the RA + VD-primed cells. The co-inducer effect of RA and VD was not observed in HL-60 or THP-1 cells and seems to be restricted to U937 cells. These results on cytokine expression support our previous finding that a combination of RA and VD brings the U937 cells to a high stage of myeloid differentiation with major characteristics of monocytes/macrophages.

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PMID: 8344702


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