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Emotional state, coping styles, and somatic variables in patients with chronic hepatitis C

, : Emotional state, coping styles, and somatic variables in patients with chronic hepatitis C. Psychosomatics 41(5): 377-384

The authors in a cross-sectional study examined 113 patients with chronic hepatitis C (CHC) without widely progressed or decompensated liver disease. The patients were investigated for emotional state (depression, anxiety, coping styles) and somatic/sociodemographic variables. A high percentage of patients had positive scores for depression (22.4%) and anxiety (15.2%). Mode of acquisition (e.g., former drug abuse) and histological grade of liver damage had no significant influence on emotional state or coping strategies. Older patients (> or = 50 years) were significantly more depressed (P = 0.024). Patients with a recently diagnosed CHC (> 4 weeks, < 6 months) had significantly lower scores for depression (P = 0.003) and anxiety (P = 0.001) than the subgroup with a time interval since initial diagnosis of more than 5 years. Recently diagnosed CHC patients also showed the highest levels of problem-solving behavior. Patients who were advised not to undergo an interferon therapy were significantly more depressed (P = 0.001) and anxious (P = 0.028). Older patients with CHC and patients with a long period since CHC diagnosis or who were advised not to undergo interferon therapy should be carefully and regularly assessed for depression, anxiety, and inappropriate coping styles.


PMID: 11015623

DOI: 10.1176/appi.psy.41.5.377

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