geoscience.net logo
+ Resolve Article
+ Follow Us
Follow on FacebookFollow on Facebook
Follow on TwitterFollow on Twitter

+ Translate
+ Subscribe to Site Feed
GeoScience Most Shared ContentMost Shared Content

Ethics and aims of cosmetic surgery: a contribution from an analysis of claims after minor damage


, : Ethics and aims of cosmetic surgery: a contribution from an analysis of claims after minor damage. Medicine and Law 19(2): 237-252

Cosmetic surgery raises the ethical problem of the balance of risks and benefits of an operation the benefit of which is psychological and difficult to evaluate. The aim of this study is to improve the understanding of the factors that influence an unsatisfactory outcome. In this context, we have analyzed complaints from patients the alleged damage to whom proved to be ultimately non-existent or minimal. Review of the case notes of 20 patients who had sought damages through the French judicial system for minimal or non-existent alleged damage. Data were collected in 1999. We found fifteen complaints of insufficient results, two for cause and effect relations with pathologies without any connection, and three for lack of information. 5 patients received compensation, the rest having been ruled out of court. The gender ratio (17 F/3 M), the average age (38 years old), the distribution of the operations and the socio-professional categories reflect the characteristics of a standard cosmetic surgery population. The average period of time between an operation and a complaint was 4.3 years (SD = 4.2). Among the medical histories we found two cases of depression, one treatment "for the nerves", one suicide attempt, and two cases of alcoholism without possible interpretation in the framework of this study. In six cases, the surgeon's qualification was not appropriate to the type of operation. The unprofessional conduct of colleagues had an influence on the effect of the procedure as an independent factor. These results call for more responsibility from professionals and encourage the undertaking of prospective complementary studies in order to evaluate more precisely the balance of risks and benefits.

US$29.90

PMID: 10994212


Other references

Ghali, J.R.; O'Sullivan, K.M.; Eggenhuizen, P.J.; Holdsworth, S.R.; Kitching, A.Richard., 2016: FMS-like tyrosine kinase 3 ligand treatment does not ameliorate experimental rapidly progressive glomerulonephritis. Fms-like tyrosine kinase 3-ligand (FL) is a growth factor that may expand dendritic cell and regulatory T cell populations. We hypothesised that FL-induced regulatory T cells would protect mice from experimental rapidly progressive glomerulonephri...

Sogard, S.M.; Olla, B.L., 1993: The influence of predator presence on utilization of artificial seagrass habitats by juvenile walleye pollock, Theragra chalcogramma. Behavioral preference for a structured habitat (artificial seagrass) by juvenile walleye pollock, Theragra chalcogramma, was tested in controlled laboratory experiments. We monitored position of fish in 2000 1 tanks with and without artificial sea...

L.J.an Yang; A.H.arn Michael F.; McFadden Lucy A., 2007: Photometry analysis of comet 81P/ Wild 2 from Stardust data. Abstracts of Papers Submitted to the Lunar and Planetary Science Conference 38: (Abstract 1853

Binnie, J.F., 1908: I. Aneurysmorrhaphy. Treatment of Popliteal Aneurysm by the Reconstructive Method. Annals of Surgery 48(1): 1-9

Morrison, D.G.; Berdan, R.C.; Pauly, D.F.; Turner, D.S.; Oborn, C.J.; Medina, D., 1988: Selenium distribution in mammary epithelial cells reveals its possible mechanism of inhibition of cell growth. The subcellular and macromolecular distribution of 75Se-selenite was determined in murine mammary epithelial cell lines which demonstrated marked differences in their growth response to 5 microM selenite. MOD cells responded sooner to the inhibito...

Riley G.; Trinkaus E., 1989: Neanderthal capitate metacarpal 2 articular morphology and neanderthal manipulative behavior. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 78(2): 290

Nicolosi R.J.; Terpstra A., 1991: Comparative effect of casein versus high soy protein concentrate containing diets on lipoprotein levels and aortic fatty streak formation in hypercholesterolemic hamsters. Circulation 84(4 SUPPL 2): II219

Linton, E., 1915: Cestode Cysts from Muskrat. In this short paper the author describes the occurrence of four cysts in a muskrat-three in the liver and one in the peritoneum-which proved on examination to be Cysticercus fasciolaris.

Olsen, A., 1944: Report on State supported control of bovine brucellosis. Swedish state supported bovine brucellosis control, inaugurated in 1988, was to continue after reorganization from January 1944 under the Department of Medicine assisted by the Agricultural Society with co-operation from practising veterinarians....

Mayr Franz, 1973: Thoughts on the relief concept. Definitions of "relief" and "form", three-dimensional diagrams, dynamic scale for "slope", relief diagrams.