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Expression of bone matrix proteins during dexamethasone-induced mineralization of human bone marrow stromal cells

, : Expression of bone matrix proteins during dexamethasone-induced mineralization of human bone marrow stromal cells. Journal of Cellular Biochemistry 61(2): 182-193

Glucocorticoids have been shown to induce the differentiation of bone marrow stromal osteoprogenitor cells into osteoblasts and the mineralization of the matrix. Since the expression of bone matrix proteins is closely related to the differentiation status of osteoblasts and because matrix proteins may play important roles in the mineralization process, we investigated the effects of dexamethasone (Dex) on the expression of bone matrix proteins in cultured normal human bone marrow stromal cells (HBMSC). Treatment of HBMSC with Dex for 23 days resulted in a significant increase in alkaline phosphatase activity with maximum values attained on day 20 at which time the cell matrix was mineralized. Northern blot analysis revealed an increase in the steady-state mRNA level of alkaline phosphatase over 4 weeks of Dex exposure period. The observed increase in the alkaline phosphatase mRNA was effective at a Dex concentration as low as 10-10 M with maximum values achieved at 10-8 M. In contrast, Dex decreased the steady-state mRNA levels of both bone sialoprotein (BSP) and osteopontin (OPN) over a 4 week observation period when compared to the corresponding control values. The relative BSP and OPN mRNA levels among the Dex treated cultures, however, showed a steady increase after more than 1 week exposure. The expression of osteocalcin mRNA which was decreased after 1 day Dex exposure was undetectable 4 days later. Neither control nor Dex-treated HBMSC secreted osteocalcin into the conditioned media in the absence of 1,25(OH)-2D-3 during a 25-day observation period. The accumulated data indicate that Dex has profound and varied effects on the expression of matrix proteins produced by human bone marrow stromal cells. With the induced increment in alkaline phosphatase correlating with the mineralization effects of Dex, the observed concomitant decrease in osteopontin and bone sialoprotein mRNA levels and the associated decline of osteocalcin are consistent with the hypothesis that the regulation of the expression of these highly negatively charged proteins is essential in order to maximize the Dex-induced mineralization process conditioned by normal human bone marrow stromal osteoprogenitor cells.


PMID: 9173083

DOI: 10.1002/(SICI)1097-4644(19960501)61:2<182::AID-JCB3>3.0.CO;2-Q

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