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High serum cobalamin levels in the clinical setting--clinical associations and holo-transcobalamin changes


, : High serum cobalamin levels in the clinical setting--clinical associations and holo-transcobalamin changes. Clinical and Laboratory Haematology 23(6): 365-371

Whereas low cobalamin levels have been studied intensively, systematic information about high levels, especially in the clinical setting, is scarce. Therefore, a prospective comparison was done of 60 patients with high cobalamin levels and 75 with normal levels obtained by a hospital laboratory over a 2.5 month period. Associations with clinical disorders and laboratory test results were examined. Transcobalamin (TC) I and II were measured, especially the holoproteins (TC carrying circulating endogenous cobalamin) which were fractionated with microfine silica powder. High cobalamin levels (> 664 pmol/l; > 900 ng/l) occurred in 94 of 670 consecutive clinically requested assays (14%). The only independently significant associations with a high cobalamin level were renal failure among the clinical disorders (P=0.01), elevated serum creatinine (P=0.0001) and diminished albumin (P=0.0002) levels among laboratory tests. Both holo-TC I and holo-TC II levels were increased in renal failure (P=0.0001) but the increase was relatively greater in holo-TC II. The results indicate that high cobalamin levels are more frequent than low ones in clinical practice and appear to be associated often with renal failure. The elevation of both holo-TC II and holo-TC I suggests that several mechanisms are operative. The accumulation of holo-TC II suggests that cellular uptake of cobalamin by the abundant TC II receptors in the kidney may be impaired. The much better known association of high cobalamin levels with leucocytic disorders is rare, and no association was seen with liver disease.

US$29.90

PMID: 11843883


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