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Improved outcome after early fixation of acetabular fractures

, : Improved outcome after early fixation of acetabular fractures. Injury 31(2): 81-84

This study was done in order to evaluate the effect of the timing of fixation for acetabular and pelvic ring fractures on patient outcome. Demographic, clinical and outcome data for 5821 trauma patients admitted from January 1993 through January 1996 were retrospectively reviewed. Pelvic fractures were classified according to Young and Burgess. Patients who had fixation within 24 h of admission were compared with those who had later operation. Main outcome measures were Multiple Organ Dysfunction Score according to Moore, hospital and intensive care unit length of stay and discharge disposition. Out of 416 patients with pelvic fractures, one hundred patients had fracture fixation [90 open reduction and internal fixation, 10 external fixation]. There were 59 acetabular fractures and 41 pelvic ring fractures. The overall mortality was 4%. Early fixation of acetabular fractures was associated with lower MODS (p < 0.006) and decreased total length of stay (p < 0.026). Length of hospital stay was also less with early fixation of pelvic ring fractures (p < 0.04). Functional outcome was improved in early fixation of acetabular fractures with a greater proportion of patients being discharged home rather than to rehabilitation or skilled care (p = 0.05). Patients who underwent early repair of acetabular and pelvic ring fractures had a shorter length of hospital stay compared to those with late fixation. Patients with early repair of acetabular fractures had significantly less organ dysfunction and exhibited improved functional outcome.


PMID: 10748809

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