geoscience.net logo
+ Resolve Article
+ Follow Us
Follow on FacebookFollow on Facebook
Follow on TwitterFollow on Twitter

+ Translate
+ Subscribe to Site Feed
GeoScience Most Shared ContentMost Shared Content

Individual protection against insect vectors


, : Individual protection against insect vectors. Medecine Tropicale 57(4 Bis): 505-510

Many diseases for which no vaccine is available are transmitted by insect and arthropod vectors, the main exceptions being yellow fever and Japanese encephalitis B. Treatment is less and less effective due to the development of chemoresistance to therapeutic and prophylactic drugs as is well-illustrated by malaria. One of the best methods of preventing these diseases is personal protection against insect bites. Personal protection measures can be divided into three categories which can be used separately or in combination : application of repellents to the skin, wearing clothes impregnated with insecticides, and use of bed nets and other barriers impregnated with insecticides. The choice of method depends on the type of insect vector involved. For insects that are active during the day or at dusk, application of repellents to the skin gives good short-term protection and wearing impregnated clothes is useful. Bed nets that have been properly impregnated with pyrethroids are highly effective for night-time protection. Since personal protection methods are not 100% effective, they must be used in association with chemoprophylaxis according to medical guidelines. Medical advice should be sought if fever should occur especially after returning from a trip in the tropics.

US$29.90

PMID: 9612762


Other references

Magdoff F., 1991: Understanding the magdoff pre sidedress nitrate test for corn. Problems associated with using excess N for corn (Zea mays L.) production include NO3-N pollution of groundwater as well as economic loss to the farmer. The Magdoff Pre-Siderdress Nitrate Test (PSNT) is a soil test that provides more accurate fert...

Shapiro, J.R.; Mehta, B.M.; Ebrahim, S.A.; Scheck, A.C.; Moots, P.L.; Fiola, M.R., 1991: Tumor heterogeneity and intrinsically chemoresistant subpopulations in freshly resected human malignant gliomas. Basic Life Sciences 57: 243-61; Discussion 261-2

Everson, R.B.; Wehr, C.M.; Erexson, G.L.; MacGregor, J.T., 1988: Association of marginal folate depletion with increased human chromosomal damage in vivo: demonstration by analysis of micronucleated erythrocytes. Recent studies have demonstrated that in the absence of spleen function, frequencies of micronuclei (Howell-Jolly bodies) in peripheral blood rbcs can be used to measure in vivo cytogenetic damage. Among 20 subjects studied greater than or equal t...

Gil-Perotin, S.; Haines, J.D.; Kaur, J.; Marin-Husstege, M.; Spinetta, M.J.; Kim, K-Hye.; Duran-Moreno, M.; Schallert, T.; Zindy, F.; Roussel, M.F.; Garcia-Verdugo, J.M.; Casaccia, P., 2012: Roles of p53 and p27(Kip1) in the regulation of neurogenesis in the murine adult subventricular zone. The tumor suppressor protein p53 (Trp53) and the cell cycle inhibitor p27(Kip1) (Cdknb1) have both been implicated in regulating proliferation of adult subventricular zone (aSVZ) cells. We previously reported that genetic ablation of Trp53 (Trp53-...

Ochieng, J.; Platt, D.; Tait, L.; Hogan, V.; Raz, T.; Carmi, P.; Raz, A., 1993: Structure-function relationship of a recombinant human galactoside-binding protein. A galactoside-binding lectin (hL-31) containing a collagen-like sequence was identified in human tumor cells. It was found to be the homologue of the IgE-binding protein, the macrophage cell-surface Mac-2 antigen, and the murine CBP35, RL-29, and...

Glass, H.J.; Stark, J.R., 1994: Protein digestion in the European lobster, Homarus gammarus (L). Protease activity from extracts of the stomach and hepatopancreas of the European lobster was examined and compared. pH profiles for hydrolysis of casein were similar for both extracts with optimal activity at pH 2.3 and 5.8. The extracts of the h...

Kieber, D., J.; Toole, D., A.; Jankowski, J., J.; Kiene, R., P.; Westby, G., R.; Del-Valle, D., A.; Slezak, D., 2007: Chemical light meters for photochemical and photobiological studies. Nitrate and nitrite solar actinometers or chemical "light meters" were used to quantify light doses in photochemical and photobiological experiments involving dimethylsulfide (DMS) and dimethylsulfoniopropionate (DMSP) cycling. Light do...

Hetzel, D.J.; Shearman, D.J.; Hecker, R.; Sheers, R., 1979: Prevention of duodenal ulcer relapse by cimetidine: a one-year double-blind trial. Fifty-one patients with duodenal ulcer which was healed by a six-week course of cimetidine completed a one-year double-blind study to compare the effects of cimetidine and placebo on the prevention of ulcer relapse. Patients were allocated at rand...

Kiselev, L.L'vovich., 2006: Lev L'vovich Kiselev. Molekuliarnaia Biologiia 40(4): 563-570

Lee, Y-Ling.; Hsiue, T-Ren.; Lee, C-Hung.; Su, H-Jen.Jenny.; Guo, Y.Leon., 2006: Home exposures, parental atopy, and occurrence of asthma symptoms in adulthood in southern Taiwan. Parental atopy and environmental exposures at home have been recognized risk factors for adulthood asthma. However, the relative contributions of specific risk factors and the overall contributions of heredity or home exposure remain unexplored. T...