geoscience.net logo
+ Resolve Article
+ Follow Us
Follow on FacebookFollow on Facebook
Follow on TwitterFollow on Twitter

+ Translate
+ Subscribe to Site Feed
GeoScience Most Shared ContentMost Shared Content

Integration of schistosomiasis-control activities into the primary-health-care system in the Gizan region, Saudi Arabia


, : Integration of schistosomiasis-control activities into the primary-health-care system in the Gizan region, Saudi Arabia. Annals of Tropical Medicine and Parasitology 91(8): 907-915

A few decades ago, 43-91% of people living in the Gizan region of Saudi Arabia were infected with Schistosoma haematobium, the dominant schistosome in the region and one which is endemic in several provinces. However, a vertical disease control program comprised of case finding, the treatment of infected individuals, and chemical snail control launched in 1974 led to significant reductions in prevalence in most areas. By 1988, the overall prevalence of S. haematobium infection in Gizan had fallen to 1.6%. As the infection rate dropped to about 1% in many areas, the use of the vertical approach became less economically justifiable, and in 1989, control activities were gradually integrated into the primary health care (PHC) system. Several schools in the area recently participated in the detection of ova among schoolchildren and in neighboring communities, as well as in health education sessions. Records taken during the vertical and PHC programs indicate that there were more diagnoses and a higher degree of chemotherapy coverage in the PHC programs. The PHC program has maintained the overall prevalence of infection at under 1% and infection has been completely eradicated in several areas. The schools' participation was particularly helpful in terms of population coverage and health education.

US$29.90

PMID: 9579210


Other references

Diel, P.; Smolnikar, K.; Michna, H., 1999: The pure antiestrogen ICI 182780 is more effective in the induction of apoptosis and down regulation of BCL-2 than tamoxifen in MCF-7 cells. There is increasing evidence that induction of apoptosis by antihormones is an important mechanism in regard to their growth inhibitory action on hormone dependent tumors. In this report we have compared the efficiency of tamoxifen (Tam) and the p...

Badra, T.; Mohamed, M.I., 1979: Influence of combinations of organic amendments and nematicides on tomato infected with Rotylenchulus reniformis and associated populations of predacious and saprophytic arthropods and microphagous nematodes. Combinations of organic amendments (pigeon droppings, poultry droppings or sheep dung) and nematicides (aldicarb, oxamyl, DBCP, fensulfothion or miral) were applied to pots containing tomato inoculated with Rotylenchulus reniformis. Aldicarb combi...

Berger, M.D.ez,. Jr.;, 2006: Do firms require an efficient innovation system to develop innovative technological capabilities? Empirical evidence from Singapore, Malaysia and Thailand. International journal of technology management = Journal international de la gestion technologique6(1-3): 267-285

Roche, P.A., 2005: Protecting privacy of human subjects. Science 307(5713): 1200-1; Author Reply 1200-1

Kello, C.T.; Bella, S.Dalla.; Médé, B.; Balasubramaniam, R., 2017: Hierarchical temporal structure in music, speech and animal vocalizations: jazz is like a conversation, humpbacks sing like hermit thrushes. Humans talk, sing and play music. Some species of birds and whales sing long and complex songs. All these behaviours and sounds exhibit hierarchical structure-syllables and notes are positioned within words and musical phrases, words and motives i...

Spain D.M., 1969: Pulmonary vascular impairment and intra pulmonary chemodectoma like proliferations. Diseases of the Chest 56(3): 269

Martynov A.I.; Navotneva N.F.; Bezborodova N.N., 1983: Latent arterial hypertension revealed during prophylactic examination. Klinicheskaya Meditsina (Moscow) 61(3): 42-46

Parzefall, J., 1969: On comparative ethology of various Mollienesia species inclusive of a cave form of M. sphenops. Behaviour 33(1): 1-38

Parusov, V.N.; Shitikova, G.S.; Il'in, G.I., 1975: Aspects of experimental parainfluenza infection in syrian hamsters infected by different routes. The pathomorphological and virological aspects of peculiar features of parainfluenza infection caused by intranasal [i.n.], aerosol and oral administration of the virus were studied. Marked lesions in the respiratory tract were observed in hamster...

Kashimura, H.; Mase, T.; Ogasawara, K.; Ogawa, A.; Endo, H., 2006: Trapping and vascular reconstruction for ruptured fusiform aneurysm in the proximal A1 segment of the anterior cerebral artery. A 65-year-old woman presented with subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). Angiography detected a small bulge in the A1 segment of the right anterior cerebral artery (ACA). The patient was managed conservatively. Ten days after the initial SAH, the patient...