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Laparoscopic and thoracoscopic surgery in children and adolescents: a 3-year experience

, : Laparoscopic and thoracoscopic surgery in children and adolescents: a 3-year experience. Pediatric Surgery International 12(5-6): 356-359

Our initial experience over the last 3 years with laparoscopic and thoracoscopic surgery in children and adolescents is reported. Between September 1992 and August 1995, a total of 215 laparoscopic and thoracoscopic procedures were performed: 32 appendectomies for acute appendicitis, 10 cholecystectomies for symptomatic gallstones, 11 procedures for adnexal pathology, 6 laparoscopies in children with nonpalpable testes, 3 diagnostic laparoscopies, and 153 thoracoscopic sympathectomies in children suffering from primary palmar hyperhidrosis. The post-operative course was uneventful in all cases. In 2 children with acute appendicitis we converted to the open technique due to technical difficulties. We are encouraged by the results of our initial experience. There is no doubt that laparoscopic cholecystectomy, laparoscopic surgery of adnexal pathology, and thoracoscopic sympathectomy, because of their numerous benefits - shorter operative time, hospitalization, and convalescence as well as less postoperative pain and improved cosmetic results - are replacing the open techniques. We are not convinced as yet of the advantages of laparoscopic appendectomy in children; we are presently performing both laparoscopic and conventional techniques and studying the various parameters in order to reach a more definite conclusion. Various other endoscopic surgical procedures will be carefully considered in the near future.


PMID: 9244098

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