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Macrophage activation syndrome: a diagnostic challenge

, : Macrophage activation syndrome: a diagnostic challenge. Anales Espanoles de Pediatria 56(2): 165-167

Macrophage activation syndrome, or hemophagocytic syndrome, is a rare disease with high morbidity and mortality. It is a disorder of the mononuclear phagocyte system. Two forms have been described; primary or familial hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis and secondary or sporadic hemophagocytic syndrome. Diagnosis of macrophage activation syndrome poses a real challenge for the pediatrician and in many cases is only made at autopsy. We describe two patients with hemophagocytic syndrome associated with parvovirus B19 and Epstein-Barr virus infection.


PMID: 11827655

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