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Mental retardation and memory for spatial locations

, : Mental retardation and memory for spatial locations. American Journal of Mental Retardation 107(2): 99-104

Although memory for spatial location has been frequently investigated with mentally retarded populations, it is not clear that these individuals possess the same spatial memory skills as do their peers without mental retardation. We compared 30 persons with and 30 persons without mental retardation. Following either intentional or incidental learning, participants recalled and then relocated 16 objects on a matrix. The control group recalled more intentionally learned than incidentally learned material. The experimental group performed both tasks better after incidental learning than after intentional learning and scored as highly as the controls on incidental spatial memory. Results suggest that memory for spatial location is an automatic process and, to some extent at least, is not directly affected by the individual's level of intelligence.


PMID: 11853527

DOI: 10.1352/0895-8017(2002)107<0099:MRAMFS>2.0.CO;2

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