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Molecular cloning and analysis of the protein modules of aggrecans

, : Molecular cloning and analysis of the protein modules of aggrecans. Exs 70: 37-52

The large aggregating chondroitin sulfate proteoglycan of cartilage, aggrecan, has served as a prototype of proteoglycan structure. Molecular cloning has elucidated its primary structure and revealed both known and unknown domains. To date the complete structures of chicken, rat and human aggrecans have been deduced, while partial sequences have been reported for bovine aggrecan. A related proteoglycan, human versican, has also been cloned and sequenced. Both aggrecan and versican have two lectin domains, one at the amino-terminus which binds hyaluronic acid and one at the carboxyl-terminus whose physiological ligand is unknown. Both lectins have homologous counterparts in other types of proteins. Within the aggrecans the keratan sulfate domain may be variably present and also has a prominent repeat in some species. The chondroitin sulfate domain has three distinct regions which vary in their prominence in different species. The complex molecular structure of aggrecans is consistent with the concept of exon shuffling and aggrecans serve as suitable prototypes for comprehending the evolution of multi-domain proteins.


PMID: 8298251

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