geoscience.net logo
+ Resolve Article
+ Follow Us
Follow on FacebookFollow on Facebook
Follow on TwitterFollow on Twitter

+ Translate
+ Subscribe to Site Feed
GeoScience Most Shared ContentMost Shared Content

New programme review process for diarrhoeal disease control


, : New programme review process for diarrhoeal disease control. World Health Forum 15(1): 96-98

In 1991 the Control of Diarrhoeal Disease (CDD) Programme developed a new evaluation methodology. This Focused Program Review assists national CDD programs to identify achievements in a problem-specific, data-based, action-oriented, and structured evaluation. Phase I of the Focused Program Review lasts 1 week, when national program staff review documents to identify constraints to program operations, and 4 or 5 constraints with the highest rating are selected for further examination in Phase II. Phase II is a 2-week examination of the priority issues. Working groups collect data during field visits and interviews with key persons. Solutions are then proposed: effective activities along with their budgets, time schedules, and task responsibilities. Focused Program Reviews have been conducted in Bangladesh, Kenya, Cameroon, Sri Lanka, Viet Nam, Ethiopia, Pakistan, Morocco, Egypt, Niger, Congo, and Zimbabwe. Four issues predominated in Phase I identification and accounted for nearly 75% of issues taken to Phase II. In Pakistan it was recommended to add central staff to strengthen and monitor supervision, to develop a supervisory checklist, and to conduct monitoring visits of every graduate of case management training within 3 months of completing training. Similarly, in Kenya the review team suggested that the national program appoint a staff member with responsibility for supervision; that the supervisory checklist and CDD report forms be distributed to 42 districts; and that budgets of supervisory skills courses should include funding for follow-up visits to graduates within 3 months of the completion of training. In Egypt it proposed the creation of a coordinating group for communication activities in addition to television messages and talk shows on knowledge, attitudes, and practices relating to oral rehydration. In Cameroon the integration of information, education, and communication activities into training and supervision was proposed to counter the sparse distribution of educational materials to mothers and low levels of oral rehydration solution use.

US$29.90

PMID: 8141993


Other references

Melendez, J.; Liu, M.; Sampson, L.; Akunuru, S.; Han, X.; Vallance, J.; Witte, D.; Shroyer, N.; Zheng, Y., 2013: Cdc42 coordinates proliferation, polarity, migration, and differentiation of small intestinal epithelial cells in mice. Cdc42 is a Rho GTPase that regulates diverse cellular functions, including proliferation, differentiation, migration, and polarity. In the intestinal epithelium, a balance among these events maintains homeostasis. We used genetic techniques to inv...

O'dell, G., 2000: Viability of synthetic corks for use as closures in premium wines. American Journal of Enology & Viticulture 51(3): 306-307

Nørgaard, K., 2012: Insulin pump treatment is a growing form of therapy. Ugeskrift for Laeger 174(39): 2283-2283

Lasarte, J.J.; Jauregui, J.I.; Garcia, N.; Civeira, M.P.; Prieto, J., 1994: Quantitation of viremia in chronic hepatitis C using competitive PCR; Correlation with the response to interferon treatment. Journal of Hepatology 21(SUPPL 1): S26

Lima, E., R.; Vilela, E., F.; Sanchez, G., R., 1998: Evaluation of the synthetic sexual pheromone on the reproductive behavior of Mocis latipes (Guenee)(Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). During scotophase, females of Mocis latipes (Guenee) landed on vertical surfaces and started calling behavior, raising slowly the wings, lifting the tip of abdomen and everting the ovipositor. Females started calling at the 2nd day after emergence...

Song, B.; Zhang, H.; Miao, Y.; Lin, W.; Wu, J.; Liu, H.; Yan, D.; Liu, B., 2015: Highly sensitive twist sensor employing Sagnac interferometer based on PM-elliptical core fibers. A highly sensitive optical fiber twist sensor has been proposed by employing a Sagnac interferometer based on polarization-maintaining elliptical core fibers (PM-ECFs). The twist effects have been theoretically analyzed and experimentally demonstr...

Cattaneo, A.; Capsoni, S.; Paoletti, F., 2008: Towards non invasive nerve growth factor therapies for Alzheimer's disease. In the past thirty years, nerve growth factor (NGF) has received much attention for its potential role as a therapeutic agent for Alzheimer's disease (AD) due to its neurotrophic activities on basal forebrain cholinergic neurons. This attenti...

Sood, A.K.; Mithal, S.; Sharma, D., 1983: Intra-ocular lens implants--an experimental study. Indian Journal of Ophthalmology 31 Suppl: 986-989

Antakova, E.N.; Sokhin, A.A., 1982: Specialized outpatient care in infectious diseases. Vrachebnoe Delo: 113-115

Bukhari, F.A., 2000: Comparative production of tiger shrimp Penaeus monodon (Fabricius) and white shrimp P. indicus (Milne Edward) in rectangular cemented raceway tanks and earthern ponds on the Arabian gulf. The present comparative study was conducted at Behar's Farm at Ras Alzawr, on the Saudi Arabian Gulf coast using two production facilities; a pair of rectangular cemented raceway tanks, and a pair of circular earthen ponds. The results reveal...