+ Resolve Article
+ Follow Us
Follow on FacebookFollow on Facebook
Follow on TwitterFollow on Twitter

+ Translate
+ Subscribe to Site Feed
GeoScience Most Shared ContentMost Shared Content

Prevalence of coronary risk factors among Indian physicians

, : Prevalence of coronary risk factors among Indian physicians. Journal of the Association of Physicians of India 49(): 1148-1152

Prevalence of coronary risk factors has not been well studied in Indian physicians, therefore, to determine prevalence of selected lifestyle and biochemical coronary risk factors we performed this study. Physicians attending a national conference were invited to participate. Of the 1000 questionnaires circulated 256 physicians (221 males, 35 females) responded and were examined for presence of smoking, obesity, truncal obesity, hypertension and ECG abnormalities. Two hundred and thirty four physicians (91.4%, 203 males, 31 females) underwent a fasting blood examination for determination of glucose and lipid profile. Subjects were divided into three age groups: Group I aged < 40 years; Group II 40-49 years; and Group III > or = 50 years. Mean age of the study population was 41.7 +/- 9.3 years (range 26-70). There was no significant difference in the distribution of height, weight, body-mass index (BMI), waist and hip circumference and waist-hip ratio (WHR) in different age-groups. Systolic blood pressure (BP) and fasting glucose and triglyceride levels increased with age in both males and females, while diastolic BP, total - LDL and HDL cholesterol levels did not change. Smoking or tobacco use was seen in five males (2.3%). Prevalence of obesity (BMI > or = 25.0 kg/m2) was in 104 (48.6%) males and 18 (51.4%) females. Truncal obesity diagnosed by WHR > 0.9 in males and > 0.8 in females was in 160 (72.4%) males and 23 (65.7%) females and a large waist circumference, > or = 100 cm in males and > or = 90 cm in females, was in 58 (26.2%) males and 7 (20.0%) females. Hypertension (> or = 140/90) was in 74 (33.5%) males and 7 (20%) females. A high prevalence of diabetes diagnosed using fasting blood glucose > or = 126 mg/dl or previous history was noted in males 19 (9.4%), females 4 (12.9%). Prevalence of high total cholesterol levels > or = 200 mg/dl was in 91 (44.8%) males and 10 (32.3%) females. High LDL cholesterol level (> or = 100 mg/dl) was in 144 (70.9%) males and 22 (70.9%) females and LDL levels > or = 130 mg/dl in 70 (34.5%) males and 9 (29.0%) female physicians. High triglyceride levels (> or = 200 mg/dl) were in 38 (18.7%) males and 4 (12.9%) females. Electrocardiographic abnormalities were present in seven subjects: Q-waves in two males and one female and ST-T changes in three males and one female. BMI correlated significantly (p < 0.05) with systolic BP, fasting glucose, and triglycerides and WHR with systolic BP, diastolic BP, fasting glucose, cholesterol and triglyceride levels. There is a high prevalence of obesity, truncal obesity, hypertension and hypercholesterolaemia in Indian physicians while smoking, low HDL cholesterol and hypertriglyceridemia is low. The overall coronary risk is lower among Indian physicians as compared to previous Indian population studies.


PMID: 11996433

Other references

Konstantinides, S.; Geibel, A.; Kasper, W., 2000: Thrombolytic treatment of pulmonary embolism: Life-saving option or unacceptable risk?. Thrombolytic agents have been consistently demonstrated to dissolve pulmonary thrombi much more rapidly and effectively than heparin alone. Rapid resolution of pulmonary embolism (PE) is accompanied by a significant decrease in pulmonary artery pr...

Swiecimski, J., 1991: Museums of Natural History in Italy: stylistyc tendencies in the exhibition design. Przeglad Zoologiczny, 353-4: 407-421

Shook, B.A.; Wells, M.J.; Rapini, R.P.; Cobos, E., 2006: Epidermolysis bullosa acquisita occurring in 2 patients with hepatitis C. We report 2 patients with documented chronic hepatitis C infection and epidermolysis bullosa acquisita (EBA). Both patients clinically represent classic EBA, exhibiting skin fragility and blistering occurring both spontaneously and secondary to tr...

Jones, D.B.; Armstrong, N.W., 1995: Coxsackie virus and diabetes revisited. Nature Medicine 1(4): 284-284

Hierholzer, J.C.; Scheinberg, S.L.; Hansen, P.A., 1967: "A"-antigen variation in pigeon erythrocytes. I. Effect of x-irradiation on the "A"-inagglutinable cell frequency. Blood 30(2): 219-228

Mackenzie, A.R.; Whitmore, W.F.; Nickson, J.J., 1965: Supervoltage x-ray therapy of bladder cancer. Of 96 patients with bladder cancer who received supervoltage X-ray therapy and who did not undergo cystectomy, 13 survived more than 2 years and 7 for more than 3 years. The survival rates according to stage were similar to those following radical...

Hynes Jeffrey L., 1986: Essential components of a mine subsidence investigation. Special Publication - Colorado Geological Survey Pages 81-86

Hartman, T., 2005: Cholesterol and Alzheimer's disease: statins, cholesterol depletion in APP processing and Abeta generation. Molecular and more specifically subcellular analyses of the neurodegenerative mechanisms involved in Alzheimer's disease (AD) had been considered most of the time an interplay of proteins and genes. However, some of the observations could not...

de Marneffe, R.; Depage, A., 1985: The life of Antoine Depage. Revue Medicale de Bruxelles 6(2): 109-111

Sun, K.K.; Sang, K.C., 1977: A study of blood pressure in primary school children. Journal of the Singapore Paediatric Society 19(3): 197-210