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Scanning electron microscopic evaluation of two compaction techniques using a composite resin as a root canal filling material

, : Scanning electron microscopic evaluation of two compaction techniques using a composite resin as a root canal filling material. Journal of Endodontics 21(12): 594-598

The canals of 20 human dental roots were instrumented using a a step- back technique. The smear layer was removed, and the canals were obturated with composite resin. Two different techniques of compaction were used: either vertical or lateral motions were used to condense composite resin inside the root canal that was then photopolymerized layer by layer using the argon laser (488 nm). The beam was delivered into the root canal by means of an optical fiber 320 micrometers in diameter. Longitudinal and cross-sections of the samples and resin replicas of the root canals were examined using a light and scanning electron microscope. Scanning electron microscopic examination revealed that laterally compacted resin fillings showed fewer voids than those obtained by vertical compaction. In both experimental groups, adhesion of the resin to the dentin walls, pulled-out resin tags, microfailure, and resin fracture, leaving a layer of resin associated with the wall surface were observed.


PMID: 8596079

DOI: 10.1016/S0099-2399(06)81110-6

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