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Sensitive and specific high-performance liquid chromatographic assay with ultraviolet detection for the determination of cocaine and its metabolites in rat plasma


, : Sensitive and specific high-performance liquid chromatographic assay with ultraviolet detection for the determination of cocaine and its metabolites in rat plasma. Journal of Chromatography. B, Biomedical Sciences and Applications 703(1-2): 129-138

A sensitive, specific and precise HPLC-UV assay was developed to quantitate cocaine (COC) and its metabolites benzoylecgonine (BE), norcocaine (NC) and cocaethylene (CE) in rat plasma. After adding 50 microl of the internal standard solution (bupivacaine, 8 microg/ml) and 500 microl of Sørensen's buffer (pH 6) to 100 microl of rat plasma sample, the mixture was extracted with 10 ml of chloroform. The organic layer was transferred to a clean test tube and was evaporated under nitrogen. The residue was reconstituted in 100 microl of mobile phase and 35 microl was injected onto the HPLC column. The mobile phase consisted of methanol-acetonitrile-50 mM monobasic ammonium phosphate (5:7:63, v/v/v) and was maintained at a flow-rate of 0.4 ml/min. Separation of COC and its metabolites was achieved using a Supelcosil ABZ+plus deactivated reversed-phase column (250x2.1 mm I.D., 5 microm). Calibration curves were linear over the range of 25-5000 ng/ml for COC and its three metabolites. The absolute extraction efficiencies for BE, COC, NC, CE and bupivacaine were 56.6%, 78.6%, 61.1%, 76.4% and 67.0%, respectively. COC and its metabolites were stable in mobile phase for 24 h at room temperature and in rat plasma for 2 weeks at -20degrees C. The limits of detection for BE, COC, NC and CE were 20, 24, 15 and 12.9 ng/ml, respectively. These values correspond to 0.70, 0.84, 0.525 and 0.452 ng of the according compound being injected on column. The within-day coefficient of variation for the four compounds ranged from 3.0% to 9.9% while the between-day precision varied from 3.6% to 14%. This method was used to analyze rat plasma samples after administration of COC alone and in combination with alcohol. The pharmacokinetic profiles of COC and its metabolites in these rats are also described.

US$29.90

PMID: 9448069


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