+ Resolve Article
+ Follow Us
Follow on FacebookFollow on Facebook
Follow on TwitterFollow on Twitter

+ Translate
+ Subscribe to Site Feed
GeoScience Most Shared ContentMost Shared Content

Sickness absence for psychiatric illness: the Whitehall II Study

, : Sickness absence for psychiatric illness: the Whitehall II Study. Social Science & Medicine 40(2): 189-197

Over the past 20 years, rates of sickness absence have increased and psychiatric disorders have become an important cause of sickness absence. The socio-demographic associations for psychiatric sickness absence are reported from the Whitehall II study, a longitudinal survey of 10,308 London-based male and female civil servants between 35-55 years. Short spells (< or = 7 days), long spells (> 7 days) and very long spells (> 21 days) of sickness absence were examined in 5620 civil servants for whom reason for absence was available in civil service records. Civil service coding of reasons for absence was validated against report of general practitioners' diagnoses. Psychiatric disorder, largely neurosis and neurosis ill-defined, was the third most common cause of long spells of sickness absence in women and the fourth most common in men. For both men and women it was the second most common cause of very long spells of absence. Psychiatric sickness absence for short, long and very long spells was more frequent in lower employment grades than higher employment grades in keeping with the pattern for other illnesses. This partly explains the higher rate of sickness absence in women than men. Widowed and single men, and divorced women had high rates of psychiatric sickness absence. Comparing reason codes based on sickness certificates with general practitioners reports, there appeared to be evidence of under-reporting of psychosis on certificates.


PMID: 7899931

Other references

Rhodes, P.G.; Moser, K.M., 1966: Sources of error in oxygen tension measurement. Several potential sources of error were explored in measurement of blood oxygen tension (PBO2) by a polarographic system incorporating a micro-electrode. Values of tonometered blood and tonometer gas were compared when the electrode was covered fi...

Javed, M.A.; Mirza, T., 1992: Risk factors for depression. The role of social factors in the causation of depression based on the aetiological model proposed by Brown and Harris was examined in a sample of 50 depressed female patients. Loss of mother before age 11 years and lack of confiding relationship...

Oyeyemi,M.O.; Ayinmode,A.B.; Adetunji,V.O.; Akin-Taiwo,M.A., 2008: The semen characteristics of West African dwarf bucks infected with Listeria monocytogenes. We have investigated the effect of <i>Listeria monocytogenes</i> on the sperm parameters of eight West African dwarf bucks after intra-scrotally innoculating adequately characterised broth culture of <i>Listeria monocytogenes<...

Schellenberg P., 1974: The protected building in poultry raising. Bulletin Technique d'Information 293: 745-747

Bashashati, M.; Moossavi, S.; Cremon, C.; Barbaro, M.R.; Moraveji, S.; Talmon, G.; Rezaei, N.; Hughes, P.A.; Bian, Z.X.; Choi, C.H.; Lee, O.Y.; Coëffier, M.; Chang, L.; Ohman, L.; Schmulson, M.J.; McCallum, R.W.; Simren, M.; Sharkey, K.A.; Barbara, G., 2017: Colonic immune cells in irritable bowel syndrome: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Increases in mucosal immune cells have frequently been observed in irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) patients. However, this finding is not completely consistent between studies, possibly due to a combination of methodological variability, population...

Zyluk, A.; Walaszek, I.; Szlosser, Z., 2014: Does ultrasonography contribute significantly to the diagnosis of carpal tunnel syndrome?. Recent studies have demonstrated ultrasonography as a valuable tool for confirming the diagnosis of carpal tunnel syndrome. The objective of this study was to investigate sonographic parameters of the median nerve in patients diagnosed clinically...

Königsbauer, H., 1968: On the usability of Aristolochia tagala Cham. in dermatology. Zeitschrift für Haut- und Geschlechtskrankheiten 43(4): 159-163

Ito, Y.; Arai, H.; Uchino, K.; Iwasaki, K.; Shibata, N.; Takada, K., 2005: Effect of adsorbents on the absorption of lansoprazole with surfactant. Lansoprazole (LPZ) is a representative drug that shows a high inter-subject variation of bioavailability (BA). Solid preparation composed of surfactant, adsorbent and LPZ were prepared to improve the dissolution and absorption of LPZ, and the BA o...

Grosshans, E.; Laplanche, G., 1983: The good choice of an acronym: CHILD (congenital hemidysplasia with ichthyosiform erythroderma and limb defects) syndrome or LIVEN (linear inflammatory verrucous epidermal nevus) syndrome?. Annales de Dermatologie et de Venereologie 110(8): 633-635

Clayden, J.; Alcock, S.; Stringer, M., 1987: Enzyme linked immunosorbent assays for the detection of Salmonella in foods. Technical series Society for Applied Bacteriology: 4) 217-229