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Stability of the palatal rugae as landmarks for analysis of dental casts in extraction and nonextraction cases

, : Stability of the palatal rugae as landmarks for analysis of dental casts in extraction and nonextraction cases. Angle Orthodontist 66(1): 73-78

To determine whether the positions of the palatal rugae were affected by orthodontic therapy, pre- and posttreatment maxillary dental casts of 57 adult patients treated in the graduate orthodontic clinic at the University of North Carolina were evaluated. The orthodontic extraction group (n = 27) was composed of patients whose treatment included the extraction of two maxillary premolars. The remaining patients (n = 30) had been treated without extractions. Transverse changes observed over time were significantly different from zero only for the medial points of the first rugae in the nonextraction group and for the lateral points of the first rugae in the extraction group. None of the changes observed in the transverse measures were statistically different between the two groups. In the extraction group, there were significant anteroposterior changes in the right lateral points between the first and second rugae and between the second and third rugae, and in the right medial points between the second and third rugae. There were no statistically significant anteroposterior changes observed in the nonextraction group over time. When the two groups were compared, the average distance between the lateral first and second right rugae, and the average distance between the lateral second and third right rugae were significantly different. The medial and lateral points of the third rugae appear to be stable landmarks for the construction of anatomic reference pints in longitudinal cast analysis.


PMID: 8678349

DOI: 10.1043/0003-3219(1996)066<0073:SOTPRA>2.3.CO;2

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