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Stabilizing and solubilizing effects of sulfobutyl ether beta-cyclodextrin on prostaglandin E1 analogue

, : Stabilizing and solubilizing effects of sulfobutyl ether beta-cyclodextrin on prostaglandin E1 analogue. Pharmaceutical Research 18(11): 1578-1585

Parent cyclodextrins are known to accelerate the degradations such as dehydration and isomerization of E-type prostaglandins in neutral and alkaline solutions. The objective of this study was to attempt the stabilization and solubilization of E1-type prostaglandin analogue in aqueous solution by biocompatible cyclodextrin derivatives. The interaction of an E1-type prostaglandin, methyl 7-[(1R,2R,3R)-3-hydroxy-2-[(E)-(3S)-3-hydroxy-4-(m-methoxymethylphenyl)1-butenyl]-5-oxocyclopentyl]-5-thiaheptanoate (MEester) with cyclodextrins (CyDs) was studied by spectroscopies and the solubility method. The degradation of MEester was monitored by high-performance liquid chromatography. 1H-nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopic studies indicated that MEester forms 1:1 inclusion complexes with alpha-, beta-, and gamma-CyDs in solutions, where alpha-CyD interacts with the a-side chain containing methyl ester moiety of the drug, whereas beta- and gamma-CyDs preferentially include around the five-membered ring and both side chains of the drug. Parent alpha-CyD and hydrophilic derivatives, such as 2-hydoxypropyl-alpha- and -beta-CyDs, sulfobutyl ether beta-CyD (SBE-beta-CyD) and maltosyl beta-CyD showed higher solubilizing abilities against MEester over parent beta- and gamma-CyDs. SBE-beta-CyD and 2,6-dimethyl-beta-CyD (DM-beta-CyD) significantly decelerated the degradation of MEester, particularly the base-catalyzed dehydration, in neutral and alkaline solutions, whereas other CyDs accelerated the degradation. The acid-catalyzed degradation of MEester (pH < 3) was decelerated by the addition of CyDs, especially alpha-CyD. SBE-beta-CyD with low hemolytic activity and low toxicity is useful as a pharmaceutical carrier for the preparation of injectable MEester, because of its higher stabilizing and solubilizing effects on MEester. Furthermore, SBE-beta-CyD can be useful as a stabilizing agent for drugs, that are subject to base-catalyzed degradations, probably because of the electric repulsion between anionic charges of the sulfobutyl moiety and catalytic anionic species such as hydroxide ion.


PMID: 11758766

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