geoscience.net logo
+ Resolve Article
+ Follow Us
Follow on FacebookFollow on Facebook
Follow on TwitterFollow on Twitter

+ Translate
+ Subscribe to Site Feed
GeoScience Most Shared ContentMost Shared Content

The German health-care system


, : The German health-care system. Mayo Clinic Proceedings 72(11): 1061-1068

The German health-care system is characterized by a statutory health insurance based on the principle of social solidarity. Nonprofit sickness funds and regional associations of physicians are the central components of the German system. The historical development of the system for more than 100 years has been characterized by negotiations, rather than confrontation, among physicians, patients, and insurance carriers. With the increasing sophistication of modern medicine, medical expenditure is rising, and great demands are facing the health-care systems of the industrialized world. The hope is that the German system will be able to preserve the principle of solidarity and remain a one-tier health-care system rather than allow health care to be viewed as essentially a private consumption good, in which case availability and quality are allowed to vary with family income. As a means to achieve this goal, the autonomy of the sickness funds and regional associations of physicians will be increased substantially, and the governmental authority will be decreased. Strengthening of autonomy must be accompanied by incentives for self-responsibility and self-participation of Germany's citizens.

US$29.90

PMID: 9374983


Other references

Adams, R.E., 1955: Control of an ectoparasitic nematode injurious to deciduous fruit trees. A fuller account of this paper appears in Phytopathology, 45, 477-479. For abstract see No. 27of below.

Wotiz, H.H.; Martin, H.F., 1962: Studies in steroid metabolism. XI. Gas chromatographic determination of estrogens in human pregnancy urine. A rapid, chemically specific, and reproducible method for the determination of estrogens in pregnancy urine by means of gas-liquid partition chromatography is described. The use of estrogen acetates to facilitate separation on short silicone greas...

Kohrt, W.M., 2009: Menopause medicine: exercise and weight gain. Geriatrics 64(6): 28-29

Lam, A.; Chu, C.H., 2013: Caries management with fluoride agents. Dental caries is the single most common, chronic oral disease of childhood. It is progressive and cumulative, and becomes more complex over time. The Surgeon General's Report on Oral Health revealed that more than 51 million school hours are...

Mahiques Santos, L.; Oliver Martinez, V.; Alegre de Miquel, V., 2015: Sentinel lymph node status in melanoma: prognostic value in a tertiary hospital and correlation with mitotic activity. The prognostic value of sentinel lymph node (SLN) biopsy findings and mitotic activity in melanoma has been confirmed in the literature, but the relation between them has not been well established. The main objective was to describe and analyze th...

Soulier, J.P.; Gozin, D.; Lefrere, J.J., 1986: A new method to assay des-gamma-carboxyprothrombin. Results obtained in 75 cases of hepatocellular carcinoma. A new method for assaying the activity of des-gamma-carboxyprothrombin (DCP), using staphylocoagulase on undiluted adsorbed plasma, is described. The thrombin-coagulase formed is measured on a chromogenic substrate, and the results are expressed i...

Wetzel, L.H.; Levine, E., 1990: Pictorial essay. MR imaging of sacral and presacral lesions. Ajr. American Journal of Roentgenology 154(4): 771-775

García Alvarez, M.; Goñi Marqués, J.; Cuervo Muñóz, C.; Baldo Pérez, E.; Pages Gastaminza, I., 1978: Verapamil in arrhythmia. Revista Clinica Espanola 151(2): 135-137

Eriksson S.C., 1978: Geochemical and isotopic studies on a Precambrian carbonatite from Palabora, South Africa. Abstracts with Programs - Geological Society of America 10(7): 397

Appel, A.L.; Malcolm, P.A.; Nahas, V., 1996: Nursing specialization in New South Wales, Australia. SPECIALIZATION IN NURSING is a phenomenon that occurs worldwide. In New South Wales, Australia, the positions of clinical nurse specialist (CNS) and clinical nurse consultant (CNC) were formally established only in the last decade. How these posit...