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The expression of novH in adrenocortical cells is down-regulated by TGFbeta 1 through c-Jun in a Smad-independent manner

, : The expression of novH in adrenocortical cells is down-regulated by TGFbeta 1 through c-Jun in a Smad-independent manner. Journal of Biological Chemistry 277(43): 41220-9

The human NOV secreted glycoprotein (NOVH) is abundant in the fetal and adult adrenal cortex. The amount of NOVH increases in benign adrenocortical tumors and decreases in malignant adrenocortical tumors, suggesting that NOVH plays a role in tumorigenesis in the adrenal cortex. Transforming growth factor beta1 (TGFbeta1), fibroblast growth factor 2 (FGF2), and insulin growth factors (IGFs) play crucial roles in the physiology of the adrenal cortex. We investigated the effects of these factors on the expression of novH in the NCI H295R adrenocortical cell line. The amounts of NOVH protein and novH transcripts were down-regulated by TGFbeta1 and up-regulated by FGF2, whereas IGFs had no effect. Furthermore, the TGFbeta1-dependent inhibition of novH promoter activity was completely abrogated following site-directed mutation of two activating protein (AP-1) sequences (positions -473 and -447), whereas the stimulatory effect of FGF2 was not affected. Co-transfection with dominant negative forms of c-Jun and MEKK1 also abrogated novH-targeted regulation by TGFbeta1, whereas the overproduction of Smad proteins or dominant negative forms of Smad had no effect. Taken together, these results suggest that c-Jun and MEKK1 signaling but not Smad signaling are involved in the TGFbeta1-dependent decrease in NOVH in NCI H295R cells. In conclusion, our data provide evidence that novH is a new target of TGFbeta1; unlike other members of the CCN (cyr61, ctgf, nov) family, however, its expression is repressed rather than induced.


PMID: 12149257

DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M204405200

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