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The influence of a 0.2% chlorhexidine mouthrinse on plaque regrowth in orthodontic patients. A randomized prospective study. Part I: clinical parameters

, : The influence of a 0.2% chlorhexidine mouthrinse on plaque regrowth in orthodontic patients. A randomized prospective study. Part I: clinical parameters. Journal of Orofacial Orthopedics 61(1): 54-62

In a prospective plaque regrowth study focusing on oral hygiene during fixed appliance therapy 12 adolescent patients (mean age 14.1 +/- 1.5 years) were evaluated twice over 2-day test periods. In the randomized, double-blind study the influence of a 0.2% chlorhexidine (CHX) mouthrinse (Corsodyl) and a commercially available dentifrice supplementing fluoride (Odol-med-3) were compared intra- and interindividually in a crossover design with regard to plaque and gingivitis. Before starting the first test phase there was a 14-day preliminary phase for upgrading the oral hygiene. Between the 2 test phases was a 5-day "washout". On the last day of the second test phase the patients were asked to fill in a questionnaire concerning their experiences during the study. The 0.2% Corsodyl reduced the plaque index scores significantly (p < 0.001). The gingival index revealed a similar reduction (2nd day of test: p = 0.03). Until the 5th day of washout a clear-cut carryover effect of the chlorhexidine rinse on the gingival index was observed. Both the lower mean values of the 2 clinical parameters at the beginning of the test phases as compared with those at the beginning of the preliminary phase and the evaluation of the questionnaires indicated a possible Hawthorne effect. 0.2% Corsodyl may be employed as an adjunct to other preventive measures such as professional care and patient-oriented instruction on an intermittent basis in order to reduce the plaque-induced iatrogenic side effects and to enhance the efficacy of oral hygiene measures in connection with orthodontic therapy with fixed appliances.


PMID: 10682411

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