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Time-dependent systolic and diastolic function in mice overexpressing calcineurin

, : Time-dependent systolic and diastolic function in mice overexpressing calcineurin. American Journal of Physiology. Heart and Circulatory Physiology 284(2): H425-H430

Echocardiograms have been assessed only at 56 days in mice overexpressing calcineurin (CN mice). Age-dependent echocardiographic changes were evaluated because the development of sudden death is time dependent. Because cyclosporin A (CsA) reverses hypertrophy in CN mice, its effects on the time course of the development of sudden death and cardiac dysfunction were assessed. In wild-type (WT) mice, the left ventricular (LV) internal end-diastolic dimension (LVIDd) increased and the LV mass index (LVMI) decreased with age. In CN mice, two distinct phases of pathophysiology were found. After 14 days, in CN mice, the LVIDd and LVMI were significantly increased, but sudden death had not occurred. After 28 days, in CN mice, relative dilation of the left ventricle occurred, whereas the LVMI decreased. Sudden death developed during progressive dilation associated with systolic and diastolic dysfunction. CsA treatment reversed hypertrophy in CN mice but did not reverse systolic and diastolic dysfunction and exaggerated sudden death. Sudden cardiac death was associated with systolic and diastolic dysfunction but was not related to isolated cardiac hypertrophy in CN mice.


PMID: 12388248

DOI: 10.1152/ajpheart.00546.2002

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