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Tumor size and prognosis in aggressively treated osteosarcoma

, : Tumor size and prognosis in aggressively treated osteosarcoma. Journal of Clinical Oncology 14(8): 2399-2400

Purpose: The aim of this retrospective analysis was to investigate the prognostic significance and optimal measures of tumor size in osteosarcoma treated with intensive neoadjuvant chemotherapy. Patients and Methods: Initial anterior-posterior (AP) and lateral x-ray films of 128 patients treated within the trials Cooperative Osteosarcoma Study (COSS)-80, -82, and -86, were evaluated for the following three tumor diameters: length, width, and depth. Metastasis-free survival (MFS) analyses were performed in univariate and multivariate models with one, two, and three dimensions of the tumor as absolute or relative measures (tumor length, referred to bone length, plane and volume to body-surface area). Results: Univariate analysis of MFS showed a high p agnostic significance of all absolute measures. Relative measures, at best, showed a comparable predictive value. Cox regression analysis indicated the high prognostic significance of absolute tumor volume (ATV; P lt .0001) and histologic response (p lt .0001). None of 19 patients with an ATV ltoreq 70 cm-3 and only four of 53 with an ATV ltoreq 150 cm-3 relapsed, while in patients with an ATV more than 150 cm-3, the relapse rate remained 40% to 60%, irrespective of further increase in volume. Conclusion: Initial tumor size is an important and easily obtainable prognostic factor in osteosarcoma and may serve as a basis for risk-adopted therapy. It is best represented by the absolute three-dimensional measure ATV. There is a cut-off point regarding the incidence of metastases at a tumor volume of approximately 150 cm-3 as calculated from two-plane x-ray films.


PMID: 8708733

DOI: 10.1200/jco.1996.14.8.2399

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