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Use of gonadotrophin-releasing hormone agonists to trigger ovulation

, : Use of gonadotrophin-releasing hormone agonists to trigger ovulation. Human Fertility 5(1): G35-7; Discussion G38-9, G41-8

The introduction of gonadotrophin-releasing hormone (GnRH) agonists combined with gonadotrophins is considered to be one of the most significant advances in the development of in vitro fertilization (IVF) treatment. However, ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS) remains a significant complication of controlled ovarian hyperstimulation. One possible strategy to reduce the risk of this complication would be the use of GnRH agonists instead of human chorionic gonadotrophin (hCG) to trigger the final stages of oocyte maturation. GnRH agonists are able to induce an endogenous surge of luteinizing hormone (LH) and follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) and the effect may be more physiological than that of exogenous hCG. Several uncontrolled and controlled clinical studies have confirmed the efficacy of GnRH agonists for triggering ovulation, and pregnancy rates are comparable to those achieved with hCG. The incidence of OHSS appears to be decreased, but larger controlled studies are required to confirm this observation. The recent introduction of GnRH antagonists has led to renewed interest in the use of GnRH agonists to induce final oocyte maturation. An international multicentre randomized controlled trial has been completed recently comparing the efficacy of GnRH agonist with hCG for triggering ovulation in women undergoing controlled ovarian hyperstimulation using the GnRH antagonist ganirelix for pituitary suppression. The aim of the study was to determine the efficacy of the novel protocol for ovarian stimulation before IVF, in terms of pregnancy outcomes and the prevention of OHSS.


PMID: 11939159

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