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A practical synthesis of (+)-biotin from L-cysteine

, : A practical synthesis of (+)-biotin from L-cysteine. Chemistry 10(23): 6102-6110

Alpha-amino aldehyde 4, which is readily derived from L-cysteine through cyclization and elaboration of the carboxy group, was subjected to the Strecker reaction, which, via sodium bisulfite adduct 16, afforded alpha-amino nitrile 5 with high diastereoselectivity (syn/anti=11:1) and in high yield. Amide 6, derived from 5, was converted to thiolactone 8, a key intermediate in the synthesis of (+)-biotin (1), by a novel S,N-carbonyl migration and cyclization reaction. The Fukuyama coupling reaction of 8 with the zinc reagent 21, which has an ester group, in the presence of a heterogeneous Pd/C catalyst allowed the efficient installation of the 4-carboxybutyl chain to provide 9. Compound 9 was hydrogenated and the protecting groups removed to furnish 1 in 10 steps and in 34 % overall yield from L-cysteine.


PMID: 15515067

DOI: 10.1002/chem.200400733

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