+ Resolve Article
+ Follow Us
Follow on FacebookFollow on Facebook
Follow on TwitterFollow on Twitter

+ Translate
+ Subscribe to Site Feed
GeoScience Most Shared ContentMost Shared Content

Aggressive traffic enforcement: a simple and effective injury prevention program

, : Aggressive traffic enforcement: a simple and effective injury prevention program. Journal of Trauma 60(5): 972-6; Discussion 976-7

To investigate whether an aggressive traffic violation enforcement program could reduce motor vehicle crashes (MVCs), injury collisions, fatalities, and fatalities related to speed, and decrease injury severity in crash victims treated at the trauma center. A vigorous enforcement program was established within Fresno, Calif, city boundaries using increased traffic patrol officers. Data on citations, collisions, fatal collisions, and fatalities related to speed, as well as injury severity from the trauma registry, were collected for the year before program onset (2002), during the first year (2003), and after full implementation (2004). U.S. Census Bureau information was used for population. Statistical analysis was performed using Fisher's exact test and independent samples t test with significance attributed to p < 0.05. There were significant increases in citations issued, with marked decreases in motor vehicle crashes, injury collisions, fatalities, and fatalities related to speed. There was a decrease in admissions from MVCs, a significant decrease in the number of patients with moderate injury severity (Injury Severity Score of 10-16; p < 0.01), a decrease in hospital length of stay for all MVC victims, and a decrease in hospital charges for MVC patients. These changes were not seen in the area of Fresno County outside the area of increased enforcement. Aggressive traffic enforcement decreased MVCs, crash fatalities, and fatalities related to speed, and it decreased injury severity. This is a simple, easily implemented injury prevention program with immediate benefit.


PMID: 16688057

DOI: 10.1097/01.ta.0000204031.06692.0f

Other references

Ma, J.; Zhao, J.; Yuille, A.L., 2016: Non-Rigid Point Set Registration by Preserving Global and Local Structures. In previous work on point registration, the input point sets are often represented using Gaussian mixture models and the registration is then addressed through a probabilistic approach, which aims to exploit global relationships on the point sets....

Bricault, I.; Ayoubi, J-M., 2003: Is 3-D ultrasound-based virtual hysteroscopy feasible?. Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology 22(4): 438-439

Ahn, J.; Jarmukli, N.F.; Iranmanesh, A.; Russell, D.C., 1994: Modulation of beta-endorphin levels alters peripheral pain threshold but not anginal threshold in patients with stable angina. Circulation 90(4 PART 2): I57

Cafagna, D.; Melon, F.; Balbi, M.; Ponte, E., 1998: Vascular manifestations in systemic sclerosis (scleroderma). Progressive systemic sclerosis (PSS), a disease still of unknown origin, is a generalized autoimmune disorder characterized by immunological abnormalities, microvascular dysfunction, and tissue fibrosis. The mechanism leading to selective microvas...

Ghoshal J., 1969: Phospho lipids of trichophyton rubrum. Science & Culture 35(12): 694-696

Edwards, F.W., 1935: New neo-tropical Bibioninae (Diptera). Stylops London, 4: 19-24

Milovanov, V.K., 1932: Transport of Sperm in Artificial Insemination in Dairy Sovhozes. Bull sperm is obtained with the aid of the sperm collector, diluted to the optimum degree with one of the special diluters and placed in narrow test tubes, covered with a layer of paraffin oil. The test tubes are stoppered and placed in a stand in...

Krzaczek, T.; Smolarz, H.D., 1988: Phytochemical studies of the herb tragopogon orientalis l. asteraceae 1. the components of a petroleum ether extract. Hydrocarbons, aliphatic alcohols, triterpenes and sterols were shown to occur in the herb, Tragopogon orientalis L. The following were obtained in crystalline form: n-triacontan, hexacosanol, .beta.-amyrin and lupeol. The presence of .beta.-sitost...

Vemmer, H.; Oslage, H.J.; Weiss, F.K., 1973: The effect of varying amounts of calcium and phosphorus on liveweight gain and mineralization of skeleton in growing pigs. A fattening experiment is described with 100 German Landrace pigs in 5 groups with different allowances of Ca and P, from 80 to 320% of the conventional allowances which were 8 to 12 g Ca and 5 to 8 g P from 20 to 50 kg liveweight, and 12 to 16 g...

Shao, Y.; Lu, W.; Kent, S.B.H., 1998: A novel method to synthesize cyclic peptides. Successful synthesis of cyclic peptides resembling the binding loop of Eglin c, a serine protease inhibitor, provides extended native chemical ligation as a novel method to synthesize cyclic peptides.