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Audit of a diabetes clinic at Tawam hospital, United Arab Emirates, 2004-2005

, : Audit of a diabetes clinic at Tawam hospital, United Arab Emirates, 2004-2005. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 1084: 319-324

The aim of this audit was to determine the current management of patients with diabetes compared to international standards and to benchmark the results against current international standards. A retrospective audit of medical records of diabetic patients attending Tawam Hospital, a tertiary healthcare facility in the Al Ain region in the Emirate of Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates was performed. A random sample of 30 patients (5% of the target group) was selected from the total number of 600 patients who visited the diabetes clinics in August 2005. An audit form was developed based on the priority aims and measures contained in the Institute for Clinical Systems Improvement (ICSI) Guidelines for the management of type 2 diabetes mellitus. Data analysis was carried out based on measurement specifications in the ICSI Guidelines. All patients had their blood pressure checked at their most recent appointment. All except one patient had an HbA1c test and a lipid profile performed during the study period. Although 75% of patients were referred for a dilated eye examination, only 47% complied. Approximately two-thirds of all patients had evidence of self-monitoring of blood glucose. Less than half of the patients were referred to the nutritionist and only a relatively small proportion of patients had advice on diet and exercise documented in their medical record. There was also lack of documentation, particularly for smoking status, foot examination, and body mass index (BMI). All patients received aspirin (ASA) treatment. The majority had a systolic blood pressure of 130 mmHg or less; just under half of patients had HbA1c of less than 7%. In comparison to the Center for Diseases Control (CDC) targets, we exceeded targets in three areas in relation to HbA1c testing, ASA treatment, and self-report monitoring blood glucose. We did not meet the stated target of 75% for patients having a dilated eye exam due to lack of patient compliance (more than three-quarters of all patients were referred but did not attend for appointment). Documentation of a comprehensive foot examination was present for only one-quarter of all patients compared to the recommended target of three-quarters of patients. Documentation of advice on diet and exercise was present for 40%, which did not meet the CDC target of 60%. Overall, the audit highlighted that Tawam Hospital is providing a good level of care to diabetic patients and compares favorably with international targets; however, key recommended actions have been identified for implementation to improve patient care and maintain a continuous improvement process through effective monitoring with prioritization to those related to preventative care.


PMID: 17151311

DOI: 10.1196/annals.1372.017

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