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Effects of knee surgery on cardiac function in soccer players

, : Effects of knee surgery on cardiac function in soccer players. American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation 86(1): 45-49

To evaluate the effects of knee surgery on hematocrit and hemoglobin concentration and on resting cardiac parameters as measured by echocardiography. Ten soccer players who underwent knee surgery were evaluated before (T1) and after (T2) hospitalization within a 7-day interval. After hospitalization, end diastolic volume and stroke volume were significantly reduced (P < 0.05) by 14 and 22%, respectively. Despite a significant increase in resting heart rate (T1: 68 +/- 3.3 beats/ min, T2: 72 +/- 3.1 beats/min, P < 0.05), cardiac output was significantly decreased (T1: 4.89 +/- 0.56 liters/min; 3.95 +/- 0.62 liters/min, P < 0.05). The ejection fraction was 65% at T1 and fell to 58% at T2 (P < 0.05). After hospitalization, significant decreases in hemoglobin concentration and hematocrit were observed, suggesting a fall in blood volume. In soccer players, knee surgery leads to resting cardiac deconditioning, which is characterized by a significant reduction in stroke volume.


PMID: 17304688

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