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Evidence for different polymorphisms with and without an external electric field in a series of bent-shaped molecules


, : Evidence for different polymorphisms with and without an external electric field in a series of bent-shaped molecules. Physical Review. E, Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics 69(6 Pt 1): 061702-061702

Five fluid tilted mesophases are observed in a series of achiral banana-shaped compounds. The terminal chain length is the pertinent molecular parameter which induces the polymorphism change. All the phases, refer to tilted lamellar structure without in-plane order in the layers. The observation of monolayer, bilayer, ribbon phase, and undulated structures recalls the richness of the polymorphism of the frustrated polar calamitic liquid crystals. Among the mesophases, we highlight two: a Sm-C G2 phase corresponding to a bilayer structure made of Sm-CG layers, and its two-dimensional variant, Sm- Ctilde; G2. The five mesophases observed at zero field are switchable under electric field. At least three ferroelectric phases are induced by an applied field. There is no direct correspondence between the zero field phases and the phases observed under electric field. These observations show that different polymorphisms exist in the series with and without an applied field. A unique ( E,T ) phase diagram is presented, corresponding to the superposition of the ( E,T ) diagrams obtained for each homolog of the series, where the influence of the chain length is equivalent to a shift on the temperature axis.

US$19.90

PMID: 15244593

DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevE.69.061702


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