+ Resolve Article
+ Follow Us
Follow on FacebookFollow on Facebook
Follow on TwitterFollow on Twitter

+ Translate
+ Subscribe to Site Feed
GeoScience Most Shared ContentMost Shared Content

Factors associated with drug use among adolescent students in southern Brazil

, : Factors associated with drug use among adolescent students in southern Brazil. Revista de Saude Publica 38(6): 787-796

To assess factors associated with drug use among adolescent students from schools providing secondary education. A cross-sectional study was carried out in Pelotas, Southern Brazil, in 1998. An anonymous, self-administered questionnaire was answered by a proportional sample of 10-19-year-old students, enrolled in primary (5th grade and further) and secondary classes in all public and private schools of the urban area which providing secondary education. Schools were visited up to three times in order to reach absent students. Results were expressed as prevalence ratios (PR). 2,410 students were interviewed, losses amounting to 8%. The prevalence of drug use (except alcohol and tobacco) in the last year was 17.1%. After confounder control, associations remained between drug use and parents' divorce (PR=1.46; 95% CI: 1.18-1.80), poor relationship with father (PR=1.67; 95% CI: 1.17-2.38), poor relationship with mother (PR=2.71; 95% CI: 1.64-4.48), open-minded father (PR=1.36; 95% CI: 1.08-1.72), drug user in household (PR=1.61; 95% CI: 1.17-2.18), abuse (PR=1.62; 95% CI: 1.27-2.07), having been mugged or robbed in the previous year (PR=1.38; 95% CI: 1.09-1.76) and absence of religious practice (PR=1.31; 95% CI: 1.07-1.59). The study suggests associations between several family characteristics and drug use by adolescents, providing useful information for a complete understanding of this problem in Brazil.


PMID: 15608896

DOI: /S0034-89102004000600006

Other references

Yokoyama, I.; Hayakawa, A.; Hayashi, S.; Negita, M.; Katayama, A.; Uchida, K.; Takagi, H., 1995: Apoptosis induction in isolated mouse hepatocytes by immunosuppressants in vitro. Hepatology 22(4 PART 2): 229A

Pabby, A.; An, K.P.; Laws, R.A., 2003: Combination therapy of tetracycline and tacrolimus resulting in rapid resolution of steroid-induced periocular rosacea. Standard treatment of steroid-induced rosacea includes discontinuation of steroids and use of an oral tetracycline. A temporary decrease to a lower-potency steroid prior to discontinuation remains optional. The limitations of standard therapy incl...

Vijayakumar, G.Nixon.Samuel., 2014: Electrical and optical characterization of copper oxide/calcium oxide nanocomposite fibers. The Poly(vinyl alcohol)/copper acetate/calcium acetate sol was prepared by sol-gel route. Poly(vinyl alcohol)/copper acetate/calcium acetate composite nanofibers were synthesized by electrospinning process. These nanofibers had an average diameter...

Huang, T.; Tucker, K.; Lee, Y.; Crott, J.; Parnell, L.; Shen, J.; Smith, C.; Ordovas, J.; Li, D.; Lai, C., 2012: MAT1A variants modulate the effect of dietary fatty acids on plasma homocysteine concentrations. Dietary n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) are associated with decreased plasma homocysteine (Hcy), an important biomarker for cardiovascular disease. The S-adenosylmethionine synthetase type-1 (MAT1A), an essential enzyme in the conversion o...

Fincher, GT., 1975: Helminths using dung beetles as intermediate hosts on Blackbeard Island and the adjacent Georgia mainland. Bolletin Georgia Acad Sci, 333: 146-152

Novak, K., 1982: Organization of milk production on large dairy farms. Organization of milk production was studied during 1979 and 1980 on 35 large dairy farms in Southern Moravia with 352-1666 cows each. Data for 1979 and/or 1980, tabulated for 20 of the farms, cover number of cows, annual milk yield, capital invest...

Eguchi, K.; Ayabe, T., 1969: Genetical analysis of quantitative characters in flue-cured tobacco by means of a diallel cross. The results of a 6 x 6 diallel analysis indicated that general combining ability was significant for all characters tested and that specific combining ability was significant for plant height, total leaf number and leaf shape index. Heritability e...

Rubes, J., 1983: Sister chromatid exchanges in pigs. 25 metaphases of peripheral lymphocytes were examined for each of 9 miniature sows. The number of sister chromatid exchanges averaged 5.36 (4.6-6.6) per cell. In the first 100 metaphases for each [female], the number of chromosome breaks averaged...

Wang, S-hua.; Deng, H-tao.; Wang, G-bin., 2008: Effect of paidu baoshen pill in retarding the progression of chronic renal failure. Studies were conducted to assess the impact of Paidu Baoshen Pill (PBP, modified Dahuang Zhechong pill), in retarding the procession of chronic renal failure (CRF) of stage II-III. A total of 283 patients of CRF stage II-III were randomly assigned...

Davidson, J.C., 1963: The incidence of diabetes in Nyasaland. A glycosuria survey was carried out in the outpatient department of Lilongwe African hospital and the incidence of diabetes mellitus was less than 0.1%. The possible role of diet is briefly discussed.