geoscience.net logo
+ Resolve Article
+ Follow Us
Follow on FacebookFollow on Facebook
Follow on TwitterFollow on Twitter

+ Translate
+ Subscribe to Site Feed
GeoScience Most Shared ContentMost Shared Content

Gaps, inexperience, inconsistencies, and overlaps: crisis in the regulation of genetically modified plants and animals


, : Gaps, inexperience, inconsistencies, and overlaps: crisis in the regulation of genetically modified plants and animals. William and Mary Law Review 45(5): 2167-2259

The regulation of genetically modified products pursuant to statutes enacted decades prior to the advent of biotechnology has created a regulatory system that is passive rather than proactive about risks, has difficulty adapting to biotechnology advances, and is highly fractured and inefficient--transgenic plants and animals are governed by at least twelve different statutes and five different agencies or services. The deficiencies resulting from this piecemeal approach to regulation unnecessarily expose society and the environment to adverse risks of biotechnology and introduce numerous inefficiencies into the regulatory system. These risks and inefficiencies include gaps in regulation, duplicative and inconsistent regulation, unnecessary increases in the cost of and delay in the development and commercialization of new biotechnology products. These deficiencies also increase the risk of further unnecessary biotechnology scares, which may cause public overreaction against biotechnology products, preventing the maximization of social welfare. With science and society poised to soar from first-generation biotechnology (focused on crops modified for agricultural benefit), to next-generation developments (including transgenic fish, insects, and livestock, and pharmaceutical-producing and industrial compound-producing plants and animals), it is necessary to establish a comprehensive, efficient, and scientifically rigorous regulatory system. This Article details how to achieve such a result through fixing the deficiencies in, and risks created by, the current regulatory structure. Ignoring many details, the solutions can be summarized in two categories. First, statutory and regulatory gaps that are identified must be closed with new legislation and regulation. Second, regulation of genetically modified products must be shifted from a haphazard model based on statutes not intended to cover biotechnology to a system based upon agency expertise in handling particular types of risks.

US$29.90

PMID: 16329219


Other references

Obreja, S.; Grigorescu, G., 1977: Clinical and therapeutic aspects of laryngeal papillomatosis. Revista de Chirurgie, Oncologie, Radiologie, O.R.L., Oftalmologie, Stomatologie. Oto-Rino-Laringologia 22(2): 89-93

Castellucci, N.; Sartor, G.; Calonghi, N.; Parolin, C.; Falini, G.; Tomasini, C., 2013: A peptidic hydrogel that may behave as a "Trojan Horse". A physical hydrogel prepared with the low-molecular-weight hydrogelator (LMWHG) CH2(C3H6CO-L-Phe-D-Oxd-OH)2 and water/ethanol mixture was applied as a potential "Trojan Horse" carrier into cells. By SEM and XRD analysis we could demonstr...

Peres, J.N.; Sobrinho, O.P., 1945: Sobre um novo antigeno da Eurytrema coelomaticum para diagnostico da esquistosomose de Manson. Revista Brasileira de Biologia, 53: 413-418

Navar L.G.; Huang W.C.; Bell P.D., 1988: Tubuloglomerular feedback responses in non clipped kidney of goldblatt hypertensive rats. Hypertension (Dallas) 12(3): 347

Nickerson, R.S., 2000: Null hypothesis significance testing: a review of an old and continuing controversy. Null hypothesis significance testing (NHST) is arguably the most widely used approach to hypothesis evaluation among behavioral and social scientists. It is also very controversial. A major concern expressed by critics is that such testing is misu...

Dowling, H.F.; Lepper, M.H., 1950: Recent advances in antibiotic therapy with special reference to aureomycin and chloramphenicol. Southern Medical Journal 43(3): 190-195

Grayson R.C.Jr., 1977: Correlation of late Morrowan-early Atokan (early Pennsylvanian) conodont faunas from the frontal Ouachita Mountains and the Ardmore Basin (Oklahoma). Abstracts with Programs - Geological Society of America 9(5): 600

Yildirim, T.Talo., 2016: Evaluating the Relationship of Dental Fear with Dental Health Status and Awareness. Dental fear is one of the most common problems in dentistry, for both the patient and for the dentist. This issue can have an important effect on an individual's dental health. The aim of this paper was to report on the prevalence of dental a...

Morrison W.D.; Cunningham D.C., 1974: Effect of dietary energy on hepatic lipogenic enzyme activity in 3 strains of chickens from day of age to 20 weeks of age. Poultry Science 53(5): 1958

Weiss, H.; Kosmath, B.; Graf, A., 1976: Changes of the phosphatides and their fatty acids in the retina and in the fasciculus opticus after retinal detachment investigations on human and animal retinas. The effect of an experimentally provoked retinal detachment on the pattern of the phosphatides and fatty acids of the retina and the optic nerve of adult rabbits was investigated. The analysis was performed 1 mo. and 4 mo. after the operation, and...