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Injury to the heel of the hand

, : Injury to the heel of the hand. Der Unfallchirurg 109(4): 313-22; Quiz 323-4

A fall onto the hand can be followed by ligament ruptures, bone fractures or dislocated fractures of the carpus. The diagnosis is based on history, clinical evaluation, and X-ray examination in two perpendicular planes, followed if necessary by CT scan or MRI scan. Lesions of the scapholunate ligaments cannot be definitely excluded except by arthroscopy. As well as fractures of the carpometacarpal joints, fractures involving the ring structure of the carpus or ligament ruptures between carpal bones are frequently observed, and these lead to significantly impaired biomechanics. The prognosis is poor. The discontinuity of the ring must be repaired by means of osteosynthesis and/or suturing ligaments, with the carpal bones held in place by temporary arthrodesis using K-wires. Dislocation in this region requires rapid realignment, as untreated perilunate dislocation or dislocation of the lunate bone will lead to serious secondary damage, which can only be treated by salvage operations involving loss of function. Inappropriate treatment of an injury to the heel of the hand can lead to carpal collapse.


PMID: 16534624

DOI: 10.1007/s00113-006-1068-7

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