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MISTRAL: a myopic edge-preserving image restoration method, with application to astronomical adaptive-optics-corrected long-exposure images

, : MISTRAL: a myopic edge-preserving image restoration method, with application to astronomical adaptive-optics-corrected long-exposure images. Journal of the Optical Society of America. A, Optics, Image Science, and Vision 21(10): 1841-1854

Deconvolution is a necessary tool for the exploitation of a number of imaging instruments. We describe a deconvolution method developed in a Bayesian framework in the context of imaging through turbulence with adaptive optics. This method uses a noise model that accounts for both photonic and detector noises. It additionally contains a regularization term that is appropriate for objects that are a mix of sharp edges and smooth areas. Finally, it reckons with an imperfect knowledge of the point-spread function (PSF) by estimating the PSF jointly with the object under soft constraints rather than blindly (i.e., without constraints). These constraints are designed to embody our knowledge of the PSF. The implementation of this method is called MISTRAL. It is validated by simulations, and its effectiveness is illustrated by deconvolution results on experimental data taken on various adaptive optics systems and telescopes. Some of these deconvolutions have already been used to derive published astrophysical interpretations.


PMID: 15497412

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