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Mitochondrial failures in Alzheimer's disease

, : Mitochondrial failures in Alzheimer's disease. American Journal of Alzheimer's Disease and Other Dementias 19(6): 345-352

Mitochondrial dysfunction and free radical-induced oxidative damage have been implicated in the pathogenesis of several different neurodegenerative diseases such as Parkinson disease (PD), amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), Huntington's disease (HD), and Alzheimer's disease (AD). The defective adenosine triphosphate (ATP) production and increased oxygen radicals may induce mitochondria-dependent cell death because damaged mitochondria are unable to maintain the energy demands of the cell. The role of vascular hypoperfusion-induced mitochondria failure in the pathogenesis of AD now has been widely accepted. However, the exact cellular mechanisms behind vascular lesions and their relation to oxidative stress markers identified by RNA oxidation, lipid peroxidation, or mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) deletion remain unknown. Future studies comparing the spectrum of mitochondrial damage and the relationship to oxidative stress-induced damage during the aging process or, more importantly, during the maturation of AD pathology are warranted.


PMID: 15633943

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