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New mouse model of vein bypass graft atherosclerosis

, : New mouse model of vein bypass graft atherosclerosis. Heart, Lung & Circulation 11(3): 182-188

Animal models of vein graft disease are used as preliminary tools to study and understand the pathogenesis of the disease in humans and improve its diagnosis, prevention and therapy. Several animal models that manifest lesions resembling neointimal hyperplasia of human vein grafts have been developed, but there are limitations in studying the mechanism of this disease in these models. We previously established a mouse model of vein bypass graft atherosclerosis that allows us to take advantage of transgenic and knockout techniques. Using this model, we studied the pathogenesis of vein graft atherosclerosis. The lesion in the grafts was characterised by mononuclear cell infiltration followed by smooth muscle cell (SMC) proliferation and matrix protein deposition, which is similar to the human lesion. Studies of the molecular mechanism of pathogenesis in this model revealed that physical force initiated signal pathways, particularly mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPK), leading to vascular cell death and an inflammatory response, followed by SMC proliferation, which contributed to the development of arteriosclerosis. Suramin inhibited SMC migration and proliferation in vivo and in vitro by blocking platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF)-initiated PDGF receptor activation and MAPK-AP-1 signalling, and was also effective in inhibition of neointima hyperplasia in mouse vein bypass grafts. This new mouse model of vein bypass graft atherosclerosis affords us with a valuable new approach to attain further understanding of the mechanism of vein graft disease with the use of transgenic mice, and in evaluating the effects of drugs and gene therapy on vascular diseases.


PMID: 16352095

DOI: 10.1046/j.1444-2892.2002.00138.x

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