geoscience.net logo
+ Resolve Article
+ Follow Us
Follow on FacebookFollow on Facebook
Follow on TwitterFollow on Twitter

+ Translate
+ Subscribe to Site Feed
GeoScience Most Shared ContentMost Shared Content

On caries prevalence and school-based fluoride programmes in Swedish adolescents


, : On caries prevalence and school-based fluoride programmes in Swedish adolescents. Swedish Dental Journal. Supplement: 11-75

Dental caries on approximal tooth surfaces in adolescents is still a problem in Sweden, as well as in many other industrialised countries. The aims of the present thesis were therefore: 1) to study whether caries prevalence is underestimated, 2) to evaluate the effect of cessation of fluoride mouth rinse (FMR) programme in schoolchildren with low caries prevalence, and 3) to reconsider the school as an arena for population-based fluoride (F) varnish and FMR programmes in order to minimise caries development in 13-16-year-olds. Paper I and II showed that the adolescents' own dentists consistently registered less caries compared to the recordings made by calibrated dentists from outside. Based on 420 16-year-olds at 12 different dental clinics in two neighbouring counties in Sweden, the differences were statistically significant at 10 of the 12 clinics when caries prevalence both was high in 1984 (Paper I) and somewhat lower in 1987 and 1990 (Paper II). About 80% of all approximal caries lesions were enamel lesions and are therefore not reported to the Swedish authorities, as only dentin lesions and fillings are currently included in the official caries data. The basis for Paper III was that many counties in Sweden abandoned school-based FMR programmes in the mid-late 1980s, as the official caries data revealed low caries prevalence among children. The cessation of FMR for 3 years for a group of 13-16-year-old adolescents (n=60) with low caries prevalence did not reveal any statistically significant differences in new caries lesions and fillings or in the progression of existing enamel lesions compared to a group of 13-16-year-olds (n=60) who continued to rinse for 3 years. Nor did a supplementary cross-sectional study reveal any differences in caries prevalence among adolescents who had or had not taken part in FMR programmes for the last 3 years. In Papers IV and V, new models for school-based F treatment were evaluated in two 3-year randomised controlled trials (RCT studies). Fluoride varnish (Duraphat) treatment, carried out at school by specially trained dental nurses using a simple mobile unit, among 854 13-16-year-olds from low, medium and high caries risk areas showed that the control groups developed more caries than the varnish groups (Paper IV). The largest difference was found in the high-risk area. The prevented fraction (PF) with approximal enamel lesions as the diagnostic threshold was 69% in high, 66% in medium and 20% in low risk areas for F varnish applied twice a year at six-month intervals. Supervised school-based FMR among 788 13-16-year-olds with low to moderate caries risk (Paper V) showed that FMR on the first three and the last three school days during the school term, i.e. 12 rinses/year, had a PF of 59%. Enamel lesions constituted > 90% of the new approximal caries lesions in both Papers IV and V. The main conclusions from this thesis are: (1) that enamel caries lesions on approximal surfaces should be included in epidemiological caries data in order to show true caries prevalence, (2) that the cessation of weekly FMR for 3 years did not lead to a statistically significant increase in caries incidence in a relatively small group of adolescents with low caries prevalence, and (3) that the school should be reconsidered as an arena for new models for population-based F school programmes. Fluoride varnish treatment twice a year at six-month intervals in medium and high caries risk areas, as well as supervised FMR on the first and the last three school days during the school term in low and medium caries risk areas, are excellent caries prevention strategies for approximal surfaces in adolescents at the caries risk ages of 13-16 years, as a supplement to dental home care and preventive efforts at dental clinics.

US$29.90

PMID: 16270700


Other references

Köhler, D.; Criée, C.; Raschke, F., 1998: Almitrin and patients with COPD--a dangerous combination?. Pneumologie 52(10): 541-542

Jeffery, D.D.; Mattiko, M., 2016: Alcohol Use Among Active Duty Women: Analysis AUDIT Scores From the 2011 Health-Related Behavior Survey of Active Duty Military Personnel. Numerous studies document higher substance use among military men after deployment; similar studies focused on military women are limited. This study examines alcohol use of active duty women and deployment factors, social/environmental/attitudina...

Dyke, M., 1997: Alison Bell Memorial Writers Award. Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease--an emerging risk. British Journal of Theatre Nursing 7(8): 33-5, 38

Poverennyi, A.M.; Semina, O.V.; Semenets, T.N.; Zamulaeva, I.A.; Selivanova, Y.I.; Deigin, V.I., 2002: Thymodepressin inhibiting the development of graft versus host reaction. Effects of a new Russian drug thymodepressin on development of graft versus host reaction (GVHR) are analyzed. Thymodepressin is a synthetic dipeptide consisting of D-amino acid residues (iD-Glu-D-Trp) and having immuno- and hemosuppressive proper...

Shanmugam, S.; Thandavan, K.; Gandhi, S.; Sethuraman, S.; Rayappan, J.Bosco.Balaguru.; Krishnan, U.Maheswari., 2012: Development and evaluation of a highly sensitive rapid response enzymatic nanointerfaced biosensor for detection of putrescine. Putrescine (1,4-diaminobutane) a biologically active diamine has been found to be a valuable analyte for several clinical and analytical purposes. The present work deals with diamine oxidase immobilized on iron oxide nanoparticles for quantifying...

Sugaya, T., 2001: Analysis of infiltrating T cells in the affected autoimmune lesions of HTLV-I transgenic rats. Human T-cell leukemia virus type I(HTLV-I) is known to be associated with a number of disorders, inducing adult T cell leukemia, myelopathy, arthropathy, uveitis, and probably Sjögren's syndrome, T cell alveolitis, polymyositis, and infectiv...

Maroušek, J., 2014: Prospects in straw disintegration for biogas production. The pretreatment methods for enhancing biogas production from oat straw under study include hot maceration, steam explosion, and pressure shockwaves. The micropore area (9, 55, and 64 m(2) g(-1)) inhibitor formations (0, 15, and 0 mL L(-1)) as wel...

Kritsky, D.C.; Bullard, S.A.; Ruiz, C.F.; Warren, M.B., 2017: Empruthotrema longipenis n. sp. (Monogenoidea: Monocotylidae: Merizocotylinae) from the olfactory sacs of the smooth butterfly ray Gymnura micrura (Bloch & Schneider) (Myliobatiformes: Gymnuridae) in the Gulf of Mexico. A new species of Empruthotrema Johnston & Tiegs, 1922 is described based on specimens collected from the olfactory sacs of smooth butterfly rays Gymnura micrura (Bloch & Schneider) captured in Mobile Bay (northcentral Gulf of Mexico), Alab...

Wollenweber, E.; Wehde, Rüdiger.; Dörr, M.; Stevens, J.F., 2002: On the occurrence of exudate flavonoids in the borage family (Boraginaceae). Externally accumulated flavonoid aglycones have been found for the first time in Nonea species (N. lutea, N. rosea, N pulla) collected from Germany. They exhibit only flavones, one of them being the rare tricetin-4'-methyl ether. Within the s...

Gavrovska, A.; Zajić, G.; Reljin, I.; Reljin, B., 2014: Classification of prolapsed mitral valve versus healthy heart from phonocardiograms by multifractal analysis. Phonocardiography has shown a great potential for developing low-cost computer-aided diagnosis systems for cardiovascular monitoring. So far, most of the work reported regarding cardiosignal analysis using multifractals is oriented towards heartbe...