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Order parameters of unsaturated phospholipids in membranes and the effect of cholesterol: a 1H-13C solid-state NMR study at natural abundance

, : Order parameters of unsaturated phospholipids in membranes and the effect of cholesterol: a 1H-13C solid-state NMR study at natural abundance. European Biophysics Journal 34(8): 987-996

Most biological phospholipids contain at least one unsaturated alkyl chain. However, few order parameters of unsaturated lipids have been determined because of the difficulty associated with isotopic labeling of a double bond. Dipolar recoupling on axis with scaling and shape preservation (DROSS) is a solid-state nuclear magnetic resonance technique optimized for measuring (1)H-(13)C dipolar couplings and order parameters in lipid membranes in the fluid phase. It has been used to determine the order profile of 1,2-dimyristoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine hydrated membranes. Here, we show an application for the measurement of local order parameters in multilamellar vesicles containing unsaturated lipids. Taking advantage of the very good (13)C chemical shift dispersion, one can easily follow the segmental order along the acyl chains and, particularly, around the double bonds where we have been able to determine the previously misassigned order parameters of each acyl chain of 1,2-dioleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (DOPC). We have followed the variation of such order profiles with temperature, unsaturation content and cholesterol addition. We have found that the phase formed by DOPC with 30% cholesterol is analogous to the liquid-ordered (l(o)) phase. Because these experiments do not require isotopic enrichment, this technique can, in principle, be applied to natural lipids and biomembranes.


PMID: 15952018

DOI: 10.1007/s00249-005-0482-z

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