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Spontaneous Disaggregation of Methanosarcina mazei S-6 and Its Use in the Development of Genetic Techniques for Methanosarcina spp

, : Spontaneous Disaggregation of Methanosarcina mazei S-6 and Its Use in the Development of Genetic Techniques for Methanosarcina spp. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 53(10): 2500-2504

When monomethylamine was the growth substrate, spontaneous disaggregation of Methanosarcina mazei S-6 commenced at the mid-exponential phase and resulted in the formation of a suspension containing 10 to 10 free cells per ml. Free cells were osmotically fragile and amenable to extraction of DNA. Hypertonic media for the manipulation and regeneration of free cells into aggregates were developed, and plating efficiencies of 100% were achieved for M. mazei S-6 and LYC. Free cells of strain S-6 required MgCl(2) (10 mM) for growth, whereas aggregates did not. Specific growth rates of strains S-6 and LYC were increased by MgCl(2). Treatment with pronase caused sphere formation and removal of the protein wall of cells of strain S-6, but protoplasts could not be regenerated. The disaggregating enzyme produced by strain S-6 facilitated the preparation of suspensions of free cells of some strains of Methanosarcina barkeri. Although this provided a means of extracting high-molecular-weight DNA from M. barkeri, less than 0.1% of free cells were viable.


PMID: 16347467

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